Home: go to the homepage U+0000 to U+007F Basic Latin
Glyph for U+0028
Source: Noto Sans

U+0028 Left Parenthesis

U+0028 was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+0000 to U+007F Basic Latin in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Open Punctuation and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script. The character is also known as opening parenthesis (1.0).

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is narrow. In bidirectional text it acts as Other Neutral. When changing direction it is mirrored into Glyph for U+0029 Right Parenthesis. U+0028 prohibits a line break after it. The glyph can be confused with 155 other glyphs.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

A bracket is either of two tall fore- or back-facing punctuation marks commonly used to isolate a segment of text or data from its surroundings. They come in four main pairs of shapes, as given in the box to the right, which also gives their names, that vary between British and American English. "Brackets", without further qualification, are in British English the () marks and in American English the [] marks.

Other minor bracket shapes exist, such as (for example) slash or diagonal brackets used by linguists to enclose phonemes.

Brackets are typically deployed in symmetric pairs, and an individual bracket may be identified as a 'left' or 'right' bracket or, alternatively, an "opening bracket" or "closing bracket", respectively, depending on the directionality of the context.

In casual writing and in technical fields such as computing or linguistic analysis of grammar, brackets nest, with segments of bracketed material containing embedded within them other further bracketed sub-segments. The number of opening brackets matches the number of closing brackets in such cases.

Various forms of brackets are used in mathematics, with specific mathematical meanings, often for denoting specific mathematical functions and subformulas.


System Representation
UTF-8 28
UTF-16 00 28
UTF-32 00 00 00 28
URL-Quoted %28
HTML hex reference (
HTML named entity (
alias opening parenthesis (1.0)
AGL: Latin-1 parenleft
AGL: Latin-2 parenleft
AGL: Latin-3 parenleft
AGL: Latin-4 parenleft
AGL: Latin-5 parenleft
Adobe Glyph List parenleft
digraph (

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) LEFT PARENTHESIS
Unicode 1 Name (na1) OPENING PARENTHESIS
Block (blk) Basic Latin
General Category (gc) Open Punctuation
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) Other Neutral
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Close
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Mirrored Glyph (bmg) Glyph for U+0029 Right Parenthesis
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+0029 Right Parenthesis
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) Open
East Asian Width (ea) narrow
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Open Punctuation
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+0028 Left Parenthesis
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) R