Home U+3040 to U+309F Hiragana
Glyph for U+3091
Source: Noto CJK

U+3091 Hiragana Letter We

U+3091 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+3040 to U+309F Hiragana in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Hiragana script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+3091 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

in hiragana, or in katakana, is a nearly obsolete Japanese kana. The combination of a W-column kana letter with "ゑ゙" in hiragana was introduced to represent [ve] in the 19th century and 20th century.

It is presumed that 'ゑ' represented [we] (listen), and that ゑ and え indicated different pronunciations until somewhere between the Kamakura period and the Taishō period, when they both came to be pronounced as 'イェ' [je] (listen), later shifting to the modern 'エ' [e]. Along with the kana for wi ('ゐ' in hiragana, 'ヰ' in katakana), this kana was deemed obsolete in Japanese in 1946 and replaced with え and エ. It is now rare in everyday usage; in onomatopoeia or foreign words, the katakana form 'ウェ' (U-[small-e]) is preferred, as in "ウェスト" for "west".

The kana still sees some modern-day usage. Ebisu is usually written as "えびす", but sometimes "ゑびす" like Kyōto Ebisu Shrine (京都ゑびす神社, Kyōto Webisu Jinja), and name of the beer Yebisu (ヱビス), which is actually pronounced "Ebisu". The Japanese title of the Rebuild of Evangelion series is Evangelion: New Theatrical Edition (ヱヴァンゲリヲン新劇場版, Wevangeriwon Shin Gekijōban). Katakana ヱ is sometimes written with a dakuten, ヹ, to represent a /ve/ sound in foreign words; however, most IMEs lack a convenient way to write this, and the combination ヴェ is far more common.

Hiragana ゑ is still used in several Okinawan orthographies for the syllable /we/. In the Ryūkyū University system, ゑ is also combined with a small ぃ (ゑぃ/ヱィ), to represent the sound /wi/. Katakana ヱ is used in Ainu for /we/.


System Representation
UTF-8 E3 82 91
UTF-16 30 91
UTF-32 00 00 30 91
URL-Quoted %E3%82%91
HTML hex reference ゑ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ã‚‘
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) AA F1
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) A4 F1
Adobe Glyph List wehiragana
digraph we


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name
Block Hiragana
General Category Other Letter
Script Hiragana
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Case Folding Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Other
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Wide
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Ideographic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+3091 Hiragana Letter We
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation U