Home: go to the homepage U+30A0 to U+30FF Katakana
Glyph for U+30F9
Source: Noto CJK

U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve

U+30F9 was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+30A0 to U+30FF Katakana in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Katakana script.

The glyph is a canonical composition of the glyphs Glyph for U+30F1 Katakana Letter We, Glyph for U+3099 Combining Katakana-Hiragana Voiced Sound Mark. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. This katakana joins with other adjacent katakana to form a word. U+30F9 offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

in hiragana, or in katakana, is an obsolete Japanese kana that is normally pronounced [e] in current-day Japanese. The combination of a W-column kana letter with "ゑ゙" in hiragana was introduced to represent [ve] in the 19th and 20th centuries.

It is presumed that 'ゑ' represented [we] , and that and indicated different pronunciations until somewhere between the Kamakura and Taishō periods, when they both came to be pronounced as 'イェ' [je] , later shifting to the modern 'エ' [e]. Along with the kana for wi ('ゐ' in hiragana, 'ヰ' in katakana), this kana was deemed obsolete in Japanese in 1946 and replaced with and . It is now rare in everyday usage; in onomatopoeia or foreign words, the katakana form 'ウェ' (U-[small-e]) is used, as in "ウェスト" for "west".

The kana still sees some modern-day usage as a stylistic variant of 'え/エ'. Ebisu is usually written as "えびす", but sometimes "ゑびす" like Kyoto Ebisu Shrine (京都ゑびす神社, Kyōto Webisu Jinja), and name of the beer Yebisu (ヱビス), which is actually pronounced "Ebisu". The Japanese title of the Rebuild of Evangelion series is Evangelion: New Theatrical Edition (ヱヴァンゲリヲン新劇場版, Wevangeriwon Shin Gekijōban). VTuber Sakamata Chloe (沙花叉クロヱ) of Hololive Production uses Katakana ヱ (we) in place of the pronounced エ (e). Katakana is sometimes written with a dakuten, , to represent a /ve/ sound in foreign words; however, most IMEs lack a convenient way to write this, and the combination ヴェ is far more common. The Meiji-era Classical Japanese version of the Bible renders Jehovah as ヱホバ (Yehoba), and (ye) is also used to transcribe any Hebrew name spelled with Je in English (pronounced "ye" in Hebrew, though), such as Jephthah (ヱフタ, Yefuta); the modern Japanese version, on the other hand, only uses (e), hence エホバ (Ehoba) and エフタ (Efuta).

Hiragana is still used in several Okinawan orthographies for the syllable /we/. In the Ryūkyū University system, is also combined with a small (ゑぃ/ヱィ), to represent the sound /wi/. Katakana is used in Ainu for /we/.


System Representation
UTF-8 E3 83 B9
UTF-16 30 F9
UTF-32 00 00 30 F9
URL-Quoted %E3%83%B9
HTML hex reference ヹ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ヹ
Adobe Glyph List vekatakana
digraph Ve


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) KATAKANA LETTER VE
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Katakana
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Katakana
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) canonical
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+30F1 Katakana Letter We Glyph for U+3099 Combining Katakana-Hiragana Voiced Sound Mark
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) No
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Katakana
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+30F9 Katakana Letter Ve
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U