Home U+A4D0 to U+A4FF Lisu
Glyph for U+A4D9
Source: Noto Sans Lisu

U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja

U+A4D9 was added to Unicode in version 5.2 (2009). It belongs to the block U+A4D0 to U+A4FF Lisu in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Lisu script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+A4D9 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Alphabetic Letter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Fraser or Old Lisu script is an artificial abugida invented around 1915 by Sara Ba Thaw, a Karen preacher from Myanmar and improved by the missionary James O. Fraser, to write the Lisu language. It is a single-case (unicameral) alphabet. It was also used for the Naxi language, e.g. the 1932 Naxi Gospel of Mark and used in the Zaiwa or Atsi language e.g. the 1938 Atsi Gospel of Mark.

The script uses uppercase letters from the Latin script (Except for the letter Q) and rotated versions thereof (Except for the letters M, Q and W), to write consonants and vowels. Tones and nasalization are written with Roman punctuation marks, identical to those found on a typewriter. Like the Indic abugidas, the vowel [a] is not written. However, unlike those scripts, the other vowels are written with full letters.

The local Chinese government in Nujiang de facto recognized the script in 1992 as the official script for writing in Lisu, although other Lisu autonomous territories continue to use the New Lisu.


System Representation
UTF-8 EA 93 99
UTF-16 A4 D9
UTF-32 00 00 A4 D9
URL-Quoted %EA%93%99
HTML hex reference ꓙ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ê“™

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age 5.2 (2009)
Unicode 1 Name
Block Lisu
General Category Other Letter
Script Lisu
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Case Folding Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
ID_Compat_Math_Continue 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start 0
InCB None
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKC_SCF Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Alphabetic Letter
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Alphabetic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+A4D9 Lisu Letter Ja
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R