U+0085 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Latin-1 Supplement in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Control and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script. The character is also known as NEXT LINE (NEL).

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Paragraph Separator and is not mirrored. In text U+0085 behaves as Next Line regarding line breaks. It has type Sep for sentence and Newline for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Control.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

In computing, a newline, also known as a line ending, end of line (EOL), or line break, is a special character or sequence of characters signifying the end of a line of text. The actual codes representing a newline vary across operating systems, which can be a problem when exchanging text files between systems with different newline representations.

The concepts of line feed (LF) and carriage return (CR) are closely associated and can be either considered separately or lumped together. In the physical media of typewriters and printers, two axes of motion, "down" and "across", are needed to create another line (a new line) on the page. Although the design of a machine (typewriter or printer) must consider them separately, the abstract logic of software can lump them together as one event. This is why a newline in character encoding can be defined as LF and CR combined into one (LF+CR, LFCR, CR+LF, CRLF).

Two ways to view newlines, both of which have valid internal logic, are that newlines terminate lines or that they separate lines. If a newline is considered a separator, there will be no newline after the last line of a file. Some programs have problems processing the last line of a file if it is not newline-terminated. On the other hand, programs that expect newline to be used as a separator will interpret a final newline as starting a new (empty) line.

In text intended primarily to be read by humans using software which implements the word wrap feature, a newline character typically only needs to be stored if a line break is required independent of whether the next word would fit on the same line, such as between paragraphs and in vertical lists. Therefore, in the logic of word processing, newline is used as a paragraph break and is known as a hard return (whereas soft returns are the dynamic ones created by word wrap that are changeable with each display instance, and a separate control character called manual line break exists for forcing line breaks inside a single paragraph).


System Representation
UTF-8 C2 85
UTF-16 00 85
UTF-32 00 00 00 85
URL-Quoted %C2%85
HTML-Escape …
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake �
digraph NL
control NEXT LINE
abbreviation NEL
Encoding: ISO-8859-10 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-13 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-14 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-15 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-16 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-2 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-3 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-4 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-5 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-6 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-7 (hex bytes) 85
Encoding: ISO-8859-8 (hex bytes) 85


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na)
Unicode 1 Name (na1) NEXT LINE (NEL)
Block (blk) Latin_1_Sup
General Category (gc) Control
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) Paragraph Separator
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) �
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) �
Lowercase Mapping (lc) �
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) �
Uppercase Mapping (uc) �
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) �
Titlecase Mapping (tc) �
Case Folding (cf) �
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) �
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) �
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Control
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Next Line
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) �
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Sep
Simple Case Folding (scf) �
Script Extension (scx) Common
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Newline
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)