U+0138 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Latin Extended-A in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Lowercase Letter and is mainly used in the Latin script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 36 other glyphs. In text U+0138 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Lower for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Kra (Κʻ / ĸ) is a glyph formerly used to write the Kalaallisut language of Greenland and is now only found in Nunatsiavummiutut, a distinct Inuktitut dialect. It is visually similar to a Latin small capital letter K and the Greek letter kappa κ.

It is used to denote the sound written as [q] in the International Phonetic Alphabet (the voiceless uvular plosive). For collation purposes, it is therefore considered to be a type of q, rather than a type of k, and should sort near q.

Its Unicode code point for the lowercase form is U+0138 ĸ latin small letter kra (HTML ĸ). If this is unavailable, q is substituted. The letter can be capitalized as Κʻ, but it is not encoded separately as a single letter because it is very similar to the Latin capital letter K followed by the six-shaped apostrophe (turned high comma ʻ).

In 1973, a spelling reform replaced the use of kra in Greenlandic with Latin small letter q (and the associated Latin capital letter Q).


System Representation
UTF-8 C4 B8
UTF-16 01 38
UTF-32 00 00 01 38
URL-Quoted %C4%B8
HTML-Escape ĸ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ĸ
HTML-Escape ĸ
digraph kk
LaTeX {\fontencoding{LELA}\selectfont\char91}
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) A9 A7
Encoding: ISO-8859-10 (hex bytes) FF
Encoding: ISO-8859-4 (hex bytes) A2

Related Characters


  • k
  • 𝐤
  • k
  • ĸ
  • ƙ
  • κ
  • ϰ
  • к
  • қ
  • ҟ
  • ᴋ
  • ⒦
  • ⲕ
  • 𝐤
  • 𝑘
  • 𝒌
  • 𝓀
  • 𝓴
  • 𝔨
  • 𝕜
  • 𝖐
  • 𝗄
  • 𝗸
  • 𝘬
  • 𝙠
  • 𝚔
  • 𝛋
  • 𝛞
  • 𝜅
  • 𝜘
  • 𝜿
  • 𝝒
  • 𝝹
  • 𝞌
  • 𝞳
  • 𝟆


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Latin_Ext_A
General Category (gc) Lowercase Letter
Script (sc) Latin
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ĸ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ĸ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ĸ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ĸ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ĸ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ĸ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ĸ
Case Folding (cf) ĸ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ĸ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Ambiguous
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ĸ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ĸ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Lower
Simple Case Folding (scf) ĸ
Script Extension (scx) Latin
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)