U+0189 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Latin Extended-B in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Uppercase Letter and is mainly used in the Latin script. It is related to its lowercase variant ɖ.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+0189 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Upper for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Retroflex D (Ɖ, ɖ) is a Latin letter representing the voiced retroflex plosive [ɖ]. Its lower-case variant – d with tail, or d with retroflex hook – is also used to represent this sound in the International Phonetic Alphabet (but in the transcription of Languages of India, the same sound may be represented by a d with dot below: ḍ).

The letter is a part of the African reference alphabet, and the upper-case variant is called African D in the Unicode standard, as it is mainly used by African languages such as Ewe, Fon, Aja, and Bassa. The African D is not to be confused with the eth (Ð, ð) of Icelandic, Faroese and Old English, nor with the D with stroke (Đ, đ) of Vietnamese, Serbo-Croatian and Sami languages, although the upper-case forms of these letters tend to look the same.


System Representation
UTF-8 C6 89
UTF-16 01 89
UTF-32 00 00 01 89
URL-Quoted %C6%89
HTML-Escape Ɖ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake Ɖ

Related Characters

  • ɖ


  • D ̵
  • ⅅ ̵


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Latin_Ext_B
General Category (gc) Uppercase Letter
Script (sc) Latin
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Ɖ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ɖ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ɖ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Ɖ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Ɖ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Ɖ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Ɖ
Case Folding (cf) ɖ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Ɖ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ɖ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Upper
Simple Case Folding (scf) ɖ
Script Extension (scx) Latin
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)