U+02E0 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Spacing Modifier Letters in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Modifier Letter and is mainly used in the Latin script.

The glyph is a Super composition of the glyphs ɣ. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+02E0 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Lower for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Velarization is a secondary articulation of consonants by which the back of the tongue is raised toward the velum during the articulation of the consonant. In the International Phonetic Alphabet, velarization is transcribed by one of three diacritics:

  1. A tilde or swung dash through the letter U+0334 ̴ combining tilde overlay (HTML ̴) covers both velarization and pharyngealization, as in [ɫ] (the velarized equivalent of [l])
  2. A superscript gamma U+02E0 ˠ modifier letter small gamma (HTML ˠ) after the letter standing for the velarized consonant, as in [tˠ] (the velarized equivalent of [t])
  3. A superscript <w> U+02B7 ʷ modifier letter small w indicates either simultaneous velarization and labialization, as in [sʷ] or [pʷ], or labialization of a velar consonant, as in [kʷ].

Although electropalatographic studies have shown that there is a continuum of possible degrees of velarization, the IPA offers no way to indicate degrees of velarization, for this difference has not been found to be contrastive in any language.

A common example of a velarized consonant is the velarized alveolar lateral approximant (or dark L). In some accents of English, such as Received Pronunciation, the phoneme /l/ has "dark" and "light" allophones: the "dark", velarized allophone appears in syllable coda position (e.g. in full), while the "light", non-velarized allophone appears in syllable onset position (e.g. in lawn). Other accents of English, such as Scottish English, Australian English, and potentially General American English, have "dark L" in all positions, while Hiberno-English has "clear L" in all positions. Other languages that have this distinction in some form include Albanian (which phonemically contrasts light l vs. dark ll), Catalan and Portuguese (both with non-contrastive different degrees of velarization dependent on dialect or syllable position) and Turkish.

For many languages, velarization is generally associated with more dental articulations of coronal consonants so that dark L tends to be dental or dentoalveolar while clear l tends to be retracted to an alveolar position.

In a few languages, including Irish and Russian, velarized consonants systematically contrast phonemically with palatalized consonants. The palatalized/velarized contrast is known by other names, especially in language pedagogy: in Irish language teaching, the terms slender (for palatalized) and broad (for velarized) are often used, while in Russian language teaching, the terms soft (for palatalized) and hard (for velarized) are usual. The terms light (for palatalized) and dark (for velarized) are also widespread.


System Representation
UTF-16 02 E0
UTF-32 00 00 02 E0
URL-Quoted %CB%A0
HTML-Escape &#x02E0;
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake Ë 


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Modifier_Letters
General Category (gc) Modifier Letter
Script (sc) Latin
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) Super
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ɣ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ˠ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ˠ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ˠ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ˠ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ˠ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ˠ
Case Folding (cf) ˠ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ˠ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ˠ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ɣ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) No
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Lower
Simple Case Folding (scf) ˠ
Script Extension (scx) Latin
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)