U+0305 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Combining Diacritical Marks in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and inherits its script property from the preceding character. The character is also known as overscore and vinculum.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Nonspacing Mark and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 9 other glyphs. In text U+0305 behaves as Combining Mark regarding line breaks. It has type Extend for sentence and Extend for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Extend.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

An overline, overscore, or overbar, is a typographical feature of a horizontal line drawn immediately above the text. In mathematical notation, an overline has been used for a long time as a vinculum, a way of showing that certain symbols belong together. Other uses are to indicate Roman numerals multiplied by a thousand and in forming medieval abbreviations (sigla). Marking one or more words with a continuous line above the characters is sometimes called "overstriking", though overstriking generally refers to printing one character on top of an already-printed character.

An overline, that is, a single line above a chunk of text, should not be confused with the macron, a diacritical mark placed above (or sometimes below) individual letters. The macron is narrower than the character box. Since ISO and Unicode Consortium assign names to characters in their unique fashion and often ignore the established typographical terminology, Unicode includes two characters U+00AF ¯ macron (formerly spacing macron) and U+203E ‾ overline that both look like an overlined space in most fonts, similar to a mirror‌ed underscore symbol. An overline proper can be encoded as a Unicode diacritic; see below.


System Representation
UTF-8 CC 85
UTF-16 03 05
UTF-32 00 00 03 05
URL-Quoted %CC%85
HTML-Escape ̅
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ̅
alias overscore
alias vinculum

Related Characters

  • ‾
  • ﹉
  • ﹊
  • ﹋
  • ﹌


  • ̄
  • Ƃ
  • ƃ
  • ƌ
  • ̅
  • Б
  • ߫
  • ᳒
  • ⧶


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1) NON-SPACING OVERSCORE
Block (blk) Diacriticals
General Category (gc) Nonspacing Mark
Script (sc) Inherited
Bidirectional Category (bc) Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class (ccc) Above
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ̅
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ̅
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ̅
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ̅
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ̅
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ̅
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ̅
Case Folding (cf) ̅
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ̅
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Ambiguous
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ̅
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Extend
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Transparent
Line Break (lb) Combining Mark
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ̅
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Extend
Simple Case Folding (scf) ̅
Script Extension (scx) Inherited
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Extend
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)