Home U+0590 to U+05FF Hebrew
Glyph for U+05BF
Source: Noto Sans Hebrew

U+05BF HEBREW POINT RAFE

U+05BF was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+0590 to U+05FF Hebrew in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and is mainly used in the Hebrew script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Nonspacing Mark and is not mirrored. In text U+05BF behaves as Combining Mark regarding line breaks. It has type Extend for sentence and Extend for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Extend.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

In Hebrew orthography the rafe or raphe (Hebrew: רָפֶה, pronounced [ʁaˈfe], meaning "weak, limp") is a diacritic (⟨ ֿ‎ ⟩), a subtle horizontal overbar placed above certain letters to indicate that they are to be pronounced as fricatives.

It originated with the Tiberian Masoretes as part of the extended system of niqqud (vowel points), and has the opposite meaning of dagesh qal, showing that one of the letters בגדכפת is to be pronounced as a fricative and not as a plosive, or (sometimes) that a consonant is single and not double; or, as the opposite to a mappiq, to show that the letters ה or א are silent (mater lectionis).

The rafe generally fell out of use for Hebrew with the coming of printing, although according to Gesenius (1813) at that time it could still be found in a few places in printed Hebrew Bibles, where the absence of a dagesh or a mappiq was noticeable. (e.g. Exodus 20:13,14,15; Deuteronomy 5:13,17,18,19; 2 Samuel 11:1; Isaiah 22:10; Jeremiah 20:17; Psalm 119:99; Zechariah 5:11)

In some siddurs (e.g. those printed by ArtScroll) a diacritical symbol, typographically the same as the rafe, but utterly unrelated, is used to mark instances of "moving sheva" (Shva Na).

The rafe is similar in function to the buailte (dot above, denoting lenition) in the old-style Irish alphabet.

Representations

System Representation
1471
UTF-8 D6 BF
UTF-16 05 BF
UTF-32 00 00 05 BF
URL-Quoted %D6%BF
HTML-Escape ֿ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ◌ֿ
Encoding: WINDOWS-1255 (hex bytes) CF
Adobe Glyph List afii57841
Adobe Glyph List rafe
Adobe Glyph List rafehebrew

Related Characters

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name HEBREW POINT RAFE
Unicode 1 Name
Block Hebrew
General Category Nonspacing Mark
Script Hebrew
Bidirectional Category Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class Ccc23
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Lowercase
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Uppercase
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Case Folding Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
ASCII Hex Digit
Alphabetic
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Cased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Dash
Deprecated
Diacritic
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Emoji
Extender
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Grapheme Cluster Break Extend
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
Hyphen
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Ideographic
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Math
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Radical
Sentence Break Extend
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Extend
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Transparent
Line Break Combining Mark
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+05BF Hebrew Point Rafe
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R