ֿ

U+05BF HEBREW POINT RAFE

U+05BF was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Hebrew in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and is mainly used in the Hebrew script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Nonspacing Mark and is not mirrored. In text U+05BF behaves as Combining Mark regarding line breaks. It has type Extend for sentence and Extend for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Extend.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

In Hebrew orthography the rafe, or more commonly spelt raphe (Hebrew: רָפֵה   pronounced [ʁaˈfe]), is a diacritic (⟨ ֿ ⟩), a subtle horizontal overbar placed above certain letters to indicate that they are to be pronounced as fricatives.

It originated with the Tiberian Masoretes as part of the extended system of niqqud (vowel points), and has the opposite meaning to dagesh qal, showing that one of the letters בגדכפת is to be pronounced as a fricative and not as a plosive, or (sometimes) that a consonant is single and not double; or, as the opposite to a mappiq, to show that the letters ה or א are silent (mater lectionis).

The rafe generally fell out of use for Hebrew with the coming of printing, although according to Gesenius (1813) at that time it could still be found in a few places in printed Hebrew Bibles, where the absence of a dagesh or a mappiq was particularly to be noted. (e.g. Exodus 20:13,14,15; Deuteronomy 5:13,17,18,19; 2 Samuel 11:1; Isaiah 22:10; Jeremiah 20:17; Psalm 119:99; Zechariah 5:11)

In some siddurs (e.g. those printed by ArtScroll) a diacritical symbol, in fact identical to the rafe, is used to mark instances of "moving sheva" (Shva Na).

Representations

System Representation
1471
UTF-8 D6 BF
UTF-16 05 BF
UTF-32 00 00 05 BF
URL-Quoted %D6%BF
HTML-Escape ֿ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake Ö¿
Encoding: WINDOWS-1255 (hex bytes) CF

Related Characters

  • בֿ
  • כֿ
  • פֿ

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) HEBREW POINT RAFE
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Hebrew
General Category (gc) Nonspacing Mark
Script (sc) Hebrew
Bidirectional Category (bc) Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class (ccc) 23
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ֿ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ֿ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ֿ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ֿ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ֿ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ֿ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ֿ
Case Folding (cf) ֿ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ֿ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ֿ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Extend
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Transparent
Line Break (lb) Combining Mark
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ֿ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Extend
Simple Case Folding (scf) ֿ
Script Extension (scx) Hebrew
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Extend
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)