Home: go to the homepage U+0700 to U+074F Syriac
Glyph for U+070F
Source: Noto Sans Syriac

U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark

U+070F was added in Unicode version 3.0 in 1999. It belongs to the block U+0700 to U+074F Syriac in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Format and is mainly used in the Syriac script. The character is also known as SAM.

The glyph is not a composition. It has no designated width in East Asian texts. In bidirectional text it is written as Arabic letter from right to left. When changing direction it is not mirrored. The word that U+070F forms with similar adjacent characters prevents a line break inside it.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Syriac Abbreviation Mark is a Unicode Control character (U+070F) that forms part of the Syriac script block. In Syriac, words are sometimes written in an abbreviated form, omitting some of the last letters. In such cases, a special overline is drawn over some of the final letters of the abbreviated word. Traditionally, this overline has a point at each edge and a point in the middle, but sometimes a plain overline was used. Another use of this overline is to mark numbers: in Syriac numbers are written using numerical values which are assigned to letters (similarly to the Gematria system in Hebrew). The sequence of letters used to write the number are also marked by the overline.

To implement this special overline in Unicode, a special control character was conceived: the Syriac Abbreviation Mark (or SAM), described in section 9.3 of the Unicode Standard. It is inserted in the stream of characters just before the first letter which should be marked with the overline (visually, to the right of it, since Syriac is a right-to-left script). OpenType also has stch “feature tag” to pave the way of proper rendering. The rendering engine should put an overline on all subsequent Syriac script letters, until the first character which is not a Syriac letter or diacritic. However, several computer environments do not render this character correctly, but show rather a substitution glyph where it appears in the character stream.

Here is an example containing the SAM, just after the Syriac letter Alaph (first letter to the right): ܐ܏ܒܓܕ

The image below shows the correct way this should be rendered:


System Representation
UTF-16 07 0F
UTF-32 00 00 07 0F
URL-Quoted %DC%8F
HTML hex reference ܏
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ܏
alias SAM


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 3.0 (1999)
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Syriac
General Category (gc) Format
Script (sc) Syriac
Bidirectional Category (bc) Arabic Letter
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Prepend
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Format
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Alphabetic Letter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) neutral
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Transparent
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+070F Syriac Abbreviation Mark
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) R