Home U+07C0 to U+07FF NKo
Glyph for U+07FA
Source: Noto Sans NKo

U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan

U+07FA was added to Unicode in version 5.0 (2006). It belongs to the block U+07C0 to U+07FF NKo in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Modifier Letter and is mainly used in the N’Ko script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Right To Left and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+07FA behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Alphabetic Letter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Kashida or Kasheeda (Persian: کَشِیدَه; Kašīdā; lit. "extended", "stretched", "lengthened") is a type of justification in the Arabic language and in some descendant cursive scripts. In contrast to white-space justification, which increases the length of a line of text by expanding spaces between words or individual letters, kasheeda creates justification by elongating characters at certain points. Kasheeda justification can be combined with white-space justification.

The analog in European (Latin-based) typography (expanding or contracting letters to improve spacing) is sometimes called expansion, and falls within microtypography. Kasheeda is considerably easier and more flexible, however, because Arabic-Persian scripts feature prominent horizontal strokes, whose lengths are accordingly flexible.

For example, al-ḥamdu and Raḥīm with and without kasheeda may look like the following:

Kasheeda can also refer to a character that represents this elongation ( ـ )—also known as tatweel or taṭwīl (تطويل taṭwīl)—or to one of a set of glyphs of varying lengths that implement this elongation in a font. The Unicode standard assigns code point U+0640 as Arabic Tatweel.

The kasheeda can take a subtle downward curvature in some calligraphic styles and handwriting. However, the curvilinear stroke is not feasible for most basic fonts, which merely use a completely flat underscore-like stroke for kashida.

In addition to letter spacing and justification, calligraphers also use kasheeda for emphasis and as book or chapter titles. In modern Arabic mathematical notation, kasheeda appears in some operation symbols that must stretch to accommodate associated contents above or below.

Kasheeda generally only appears in one word per line, and one letter per word. Furthermore, experts recommend kasheeda only between certain combinations of letters (typically those that cannot form a ligature). Some calligraphers who were paid by the page used an inordinate number of kasheeda to stretch content over more pages.

The branding of the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar applies kasheeda to Latin script, connecting the bottom of the "t" and the second "a" in the host country's name.


System Representation
UTF-16 07 FA
UTF-32 00 00 07 FA
URL-Quoted %DF%BA
HTML hex reference ߺ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ◌ߺ

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age 5.0 (2006)
Unicode 1 Name
Block NKo
General Category Modifier Letter
Script N’Ko
Bidirectional Category Right To Left
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Case Folding Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
ID_Compat_Math_Continue 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start 0
InCB None
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKC_SCF Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Alphabetic Letter
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Join Causing
Line Break Alphabetic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+07FA NKo Lajanyalan
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R