Home: go to the homepage U+0800 to U+083F Samaritan
Glyph for U+082D
Source: Noto Sans Samaritan

U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa

U+082D was added to Unicode in version 5.2 (2009). It belongs to the block U+0800 to U+083F Samaritan in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and is mainly used in the Samaritan script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Nonspacing Mark and is not mirrored. In text U+082D behaves as Combining Mark regarding line breaks. It has type Extend for sentence and Extend for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Extend.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Samaritan script is used by the Samaritans for religious writings, including the Samaritan Pentateuch, writings in Samaritan Hebrew, and for commentaries and translations in Samaritan Aramaic and occasionally Arabic.

Samaritan is a direct descendant of the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet, which was a variety of the Phoenician alphabet. Paleo-Hebrew is the alphabet in which large parts of the Hebrew Bible were originally penned according to the consensus of most scholars, who also believe that these scripts are descendants of the Proto-Sinaitic script. Paleo-Hebrew script was used by the ancient Israelites, both Jews and Samaritans.

The better-known "square script" Hebrew alphabet which has been traditionally used by Jews since the Babylonian exile is a stylized version of the Aramaic alphabet called Ashurit (כתב אשורי), though religious literalist interpretations of Exodus 32:16 assume that the text asserts that it was received on Sinai from the Finger of God and that it has been in continuous and unchanged use since then.

Historically, the Aramaic alphabet became distinct from Phoenician/Paleo-Hebrew in the 8th century. After the fall of the Persian Empire, Judaism used both scripts before settling on the Aramaic form, henceforth de facto becoming the "Hebrew alphabet" since it was repurposed to write Hebrew. For a limited time thereafter, the use of paleo-Hebrew (proto-Samaritan) among Jews was retained only to write the Tetragrammaton, but soon that custom was also abandoned.

A cursive style of the alphabet also exists.

The Samaritan alphabet first became known to the Western world with the publication of a manuscript of the Samaritan Pentateuch in 1631 by Jean Morin. In 1616 the traveler Pietro della Valle had purchased a copy of the text in Damascus, and this manuscript, now known as Codex B, was deposited in a Parisian library.


System Representation
UTF-8 E0 A0 AD
UTF-16 08 2D
UTF-32 00 00 08 2D
URL-Quoted %E0%A0%AD
HTML hex reference ࠭
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ◌࠭


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 5.2 (2009)
Unicode 1 Name
Block Samaritan
General Category Nonspacing Mark
Script Samaritan
Bidirectional Category Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class Above
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Case Folding Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Grapheme Cluster Break Extend
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
ID_Compat_Math_Continue 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start 0
InCB Extend
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKC_SCF Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Extend
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Extend
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Transparent
Line Break Combining Mark
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+082D Samaritan Mark Nequdaa
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R