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U+10195 ROMAN SILIQUA SIGN

U+10195 was added to Unicode in version 5.1 (2008). It belongs to the block Ancient Symbols in the Supplementary Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Symbol and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Other Neutral and is not mirrored. In text U+10195 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The siliqua is the modern name given to small, thin, Roman silver coins produced from 4th century and later. When the coins were in circulation, the Latin word siliqua was a unit of weight defined as one twenty-fourth of the weight of a Roman solidus.

"Siliqua vicesima quarta pars solidi est, ab arbore, cuius semen est, vocabulum tenens."
A siliqua is one-twentyfourth of a solidus [coin] and the name is taken from the seed of a tree.

The term siliqua comes from the siliqua graeca, the seed of the carob tree, which in the Roman weight system is equivalent to 1/6 of a scruple (1/1728 of a Roman pound or about 0.19 grams).

The term has been applied in modern times to the various silver coins on the premise that the coins were valued at 1/24 of the gold solidus (which weighed 1/72 of a Roman pound) and therefore represented a siliqua of gold in value. Since gold was worth about 14 times as much as silver in ancient Rome, such a silver coin would have a theoretical weight of 2.7Β grams. There is little historical evidence to support this premise. This has not prevented the term from being applied today to silver coins issued by Constantine, which initially weighed 3.4Β grams, or the later silver coin of Constantius II, which weighed about 2.2Β grams and 18Β mm, and is sometimes called a "light" or "reduced" siliqua to differentiate it. The term is one of convenience, as no name for these coins is indicated by contemporary sources. Thin silver coins to the 7th century which weigh about 2 to 3Β grams are known as siliqua by numismatic convention.

The mainstay of examples suffer striking cracks (testimony to their fast production) or extensive clipping (removing silver from the edge of the coin), and thus to find both an untouched and undamaged example is fairly uncommon. It is thought that by clipping, siliquae provided the first coinage of the Saxons, as this reduced them to around the same size as a sceat, and there is considerable evidence from archaeological sites of this period, that siliquae and many other Roman coins were utilised by Saxons as pendants, lucky charms, currency and curiosities.

Representations

System Representation
NΒΊ 65941
UTF-8 F0 90 86 95
UTF-16 D8 00 DD 95
UTF-32 00 01 01 95
URL-Quoted %F0%90%86%95
HTML-Escape 𐆕
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 𐆕

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 5.1
Unicode Name (na) ROMAN SILIQUA SIGN
Unicode 1 Name (na1) β€”
Block (blk) Ancient_Symbols
General Category (gc) Other Symbol
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) Other Neutral
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 𐆕
Lowercase (Lower) ✘
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 𐆕
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 𐆕
Uppercase (Upper) ✘
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 𐆕
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 𐆕
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 𐆕
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 𐆕
Case Folding (cf) 𐆕
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex) ✘
Alphabetic (Alpha) ✘
Bidi Control (Bidi_C) ✘
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M) ✘
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 𐆕
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased) ✘
Composition Exclusion (CE) ✘
Case Ignorable (CI) ✘
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex) ✘
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF) ✘
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM) ✘
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF) ✘
Changes When Lowercased (CWL) ✘
Changes When Titlecased (CWT) ✘
Changes When Uppercased (CWU) ✘
Dash (Dash) ✘
Deprecated (Dep) ✘
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI) ✘
Diacritic (Dia) ✘
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext) ✘
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 𐆕
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base) βœ”
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext) ✘
Hex Digit (Hex) ✘
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen) ✘
ID Continue (IDC) ✘
Ideographic (Ideo) ✘
ID Start (IDS) ✘
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB) ✘
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST) ✘
InMC (InMC) β€”
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc) β€”
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C) ✘
Jamo Short Name (JSN) β€”
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE) ✘
Math (Math) ✘
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar) ✘
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 𐆕
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha) ✘
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI) ✘
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext) ✘
Other ID Continue (OIDC) ✘
Other ID Start (OIDS) ✘
Other Lowercase (OLower) ✘
Other Math (OMath) ✘
Other Uppercase (OUpper) ✘
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn) ✘
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS) ✘
Quotation Mark (QMark) ✘
Radical (Radical) ✘
Sentence Break (SB) Other
Simple Case Folding (scf) 𐆕
Script Extension (scx) Common
Soft Dotted (SD) ✘
STerm (STerm) ✘
Terminal Punctuation (Term) ✘
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo) ✘
Variation Selector (VS) ✘
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace) ✘
XID Continue (XIDC) ✘
XID Start (XIDS) ✘
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC) ✘
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD) ✘
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC) ✘
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD) ✘