Home U+16F00 to U+16F9F Miao
Glyph for U+16F93
Source: Noto Sans Miao

U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2

U+16F93 was added to Unicode in version 6.1 (2012). It belongs to the block U+16F00 to U+16F9F Miao in the U+10000 to U+1FFFF Supplementary Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Modifier Letter and is mainly used in the Miao script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+16F93 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Alphabetic Letter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Pollard script, also known as Pollard Miao (Chinese: ζŸζ Όη†θ‹—ζ–‡ BΓ³ GΓ©lǐ Miao-wen) or Miao, is an abugida loosely based on the Latin alphabet and invented by Methodist missionary Sam Pollard. Pollard invented the script for use with A-Hmao, one of several Miao languages. The script underwent a series of revisions until 1936, when a translation of the New Testament was published using it. The introduction of Christian materials in the script that Pollard invented caused a great impact among the Miao. Part of the reason was that they had a legend about how their ancestors had possessed a script but lost it. According to the legend, the script would be brought back some day. When the script was introduced, many Miao came from far away to see and learn it.

Pollard credited the basic idea of the script to the Cree syllabics designed by James Evans in 1838–1841, β€œWhile working out the problem, we remembered the case of the syllabics used by a Methodist missionary among the Indians of North America, and resolved to do as he had done”. He also gave credit to a Chinese pastor, β€œStephen Lee assisted me very ably in this matter, and at last we arrived at a system”.

Changing politics in China led to the use of several competing scripts, most of which were romanizations. The Pollard script remains popular among Hmong in China, although Hmong outside China tend to use one of the alternative scripts. A revision of the script was completed in 1988, which remains in use.

As with most other abugidas, the Pollard letters represent consonants, whereas vowels are indicated by diacritics. Uniquely, however, the position of this diacritic is varied to represent tone. For example, in Western Hmong, placing the vowel diacritic above the consonant letter indicates that the syllable has a high tone, whereas placing it at the bottom right indicates a low tone.


System Representation
NΒΊ 94099
UTF-8 F0 96 BE 93
UTF-16 D8 1B DF 93
UTF-32 00 01 6F 93
URL-Quoted %F0%96%BE%93
HTML hex reference 𖾓
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake Γ’β€”Ε’Γ°β€“ΒΎβ€œ


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 6.1 (2012)
Unicode 1 Name β€”
Block Miao
General Category Modifier Letter
Script Miao
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Lowercase ✘
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Uppercase ✘
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Case Folding Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
ASCII Hex Digit ✘
Alphabetic βœ”
Bidi Control ✘
Bidi Mirrored ✘
Composition Exclusion ✘
Case Ignorable βœ”
Changes When Casefolded ✘
Changes When Casemapped ✘
Changes When NFKC Casefolded ✘
Changes When Lowercased ✘
Changes When Titlecased ✘
Changes When Uppercased ✘
Cased ✘
Full Composition Exclusion ✘
Default Ignorable Code Point ✘
Dash ✘
Deprecated ✘
Diacritic βœ”
Emoji Modifier Base ✘
Emoji Component ✘
Emoji Modifier ✘
Emoji Presentation ✘
Emoji ✘
Extender ✘
Extended Pictographic ✘
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base βœ”
Grapheme Extend ✘
Grapheme Link ✘
Hex Digit ✘
Hyphen ✘
ID Continue βœ”
ID Start βœ”
IDS Binary Operator ✘
IDS Trinary Operator and ✘
Ideographic ✘
Indic Mantra Category β€”
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name β€”
Join Control ✘
Logical Order Exception ✘
Math ✘
Noncharacter Code Point ✘
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic ✘
Other Default Ignorable Code Point ✘
Other Grapheme Extend ✘
Other ID Continue ✘
Other ID Start ✘
Other Lowercase ✘
Other Math ✘
Other Uppercase ✘
Prepended Concatenation Mark ✘
Pattern Syntax ✘
Pattern White Space ✘
Quotation Mark ✘
Regional Indicator ✘
Radical ✘
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted ✘
Sentence Terminal ✘
Terminal Punctuation ✘
Unified Ideograph ✘
Variation Selector ✘
Word Break Alphabetic Letter
White Space ✘
XID Continue βœ”
XID Start βœ”
Expands On NFC ✘
Expands On NFD ✘
Expands On NFKC ✘
Expands On NFKD ✘
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment β€”
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Alphabetic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+16F93 Miao Letter Tone-2
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R