᾿

U+1FBF GREEK PSILI

U+1FBF was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Greek Extended in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Modifier Symbol and is mainly used in the Greek script.

The glyph is a Compat composition of the glyphs  ̓. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Other Neutral and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 76 other glyphs. In text U+1FBF behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The smooth breathing (Ancient Greek: ψιλὸν πνεῦμα psilòn pneûma; Modern Greek: ψιλή psilí; Latin: spīritus lēnis) is a diacritical mark used in polytonic orthography. In ancient Greek, it marks the absence of the voiceless glottal fricative /h/ from the beginning of a word.

Some authorities have interpreted it as representing a glottal stop, but a final vowel at the end of a word is regularly elided (removed) where the following word starts with a vowel — and elision would not happen if the second word began with a glottal stop (or any form of stop consonant). In his Vox Graeca, W. Sidney Allen accordingly regards the glottal stop interpretation as "highly improbable".

The smooth breathing ( ᾿ ) is written as on top of one initial vowel, on top of the second vowel of a diphthong, or to the left of a capital, and also in certain editions on the first of a pair of rhos. It did not occur on an initial upsilon, which always has rough breathing (thus the early name ὕ hy, rather than ὔ y).

The smooth breathing was kept in the traditional polytonic orthography even after the /h/ sound had disappeared from the language in Hellenistic times. It has been dropped in the modern monotonic orthography.

Representations

System Representation
8127
UTF-8 E1 BE BF
UTF-16 1F BF
UTF-32 00 00 1F BF
URL-Quoted %E1%BE%BF
HTML-Escape ᾿
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ᾿

Related Characters

  • ῍
  • ῎
  • ῏

Confusables

  • '
  • `
  • ´
  • ʼn
  • Ɓ
  • Ƈ
  • Ɗ
  • Ɠ
  • Ƙ
  • Ơ
  • ơ
  • Ƥ
  • Ƭ
  • Ƴ
  • ʹ
  • ʺ
  • ʻ
  • ʼ
  • ʽ
  • ʾ
  • ˈ
  • ˊ
  • ˋ
  • ˝
  • ˮ
  • ˴
  • ˶
  • ʹ
  • ΄
  • Ґ
  • ґ
  • ՚
  • ՝
  • י
  • ױ
  • ײ
  • ׳
  • ״
  • ߴ
  • ߵ
  • Ꭴ
  • ᑊ
  • ᑧ
  • ᑨ
  • ᑩ
  • ᑪ
  • ᒅ
  • ᒆ
  • ᒇ
  • ᒈ
  • ᛌ
  • ᳓
  • ᾽
  • ᾿
  • `
  • ´
  • ῾
  • ‘
  • ’
  • ‛
  • “
  • ”
  • ‟
  • ′
  • ″
  • ‴
  • ‵
  • ‶
  • ‷
  • ⁗
  • 〃
  • ꞌ
  • "
  • '
  • `

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) GREEK PSILI
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Greek_Ext
General Category (gc) Modifier Symbol
Script (sc) Greek
Bidirectional Category (bc) Other Neutral
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) Compat
Decomposition Mapping (dm)  ̓
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ᾿
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ᾿
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ᾿
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ᾿
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ᾿
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ᾿
Case Folding (cf) ᾿
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ᾿
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ᾿
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF)  ̓
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) No
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other
Simple Case Folding (scf) ᾿
Script Extension (scx) Greek
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)