U+2015 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block General Punctuation in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Dash Punctuation and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script. The character is also known as quotation dash.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Other Neutral and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 28 other glyphs. In text U+2015 behaves as Ambiguous regarding line breaks. It has type Other for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

A dash is a punctuation mark that is similar to a hyphen or minus sign, but differs from both of these symbols primarily in length and function. The most common versions of the dash are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—), named for the length of a typeface's lower-case n and upper-case M respectively.

Usage varies both within English and in other languages, but the usual convention in printed English text is:

  • Either version may be used to denote a break in a sentence or to set off parenthetical statements (ideally with intradocument consistency). Style and usage guides vary, but often in this function en dashes are used with spaces and em dashes are used without them:

    [Em dash:] A flock of sparrows—some of them juveniles—alighted and sang.

    [En dash:] A flock of sparrows – some of them juveniles – alighted and sang.

  • The en dash (but not the em dash) is also used to indicate spans or differentiation, where it may be considered to replace "and" or "to" (but not "to" in the phrase "from … to …"):

    The French and Indian War (1754–1763) was fought in western Pennsylvania and along the present US–Canadian border (Edwards, pp. 81–101).

  • The em dash (but not the en dash) is also used to set off the sources of quotes:

    "Seven social sins: politics without principles, wealth without work, pleasure without conscience, knowledge without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, and worship without sacrifice." —Mahatma Gandhi


System Representation
UTF-8 E2 80 95
UTF-16 20 15
UTF-32 00 00 20 15
URL-Quoted %E2%80%95
HTML-Escape ―
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ―
HTML-Escape ―
digraph -3
alias quotation dash
LaTeX \rule{1em}{1pt}
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) A1 AA
Encoding: ISO-8859-10 (hex bytes) BD
Encoding: ISO-8859-7 (hex bytes) AF
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) A1 BD
Encoding: WINDOWS-1253 (hex bytes) AF

Related Characters


  • —
  • ー
  • ᅳ
  • ᅴ
  • ᅼ
  • ᆋ
  • ᆕ
  • ᆖ
  • ᆗ
  • ᆜ
  • ᆣ
  • —
  • ―
  • ─
  • ━
  • ⼀
  • ー
  • ㅡ
  • ㅢ
  • ㇐
  • ㈠
  • 一
  • ꟷ
  • ힹ
  • ힺ
  • ힻ
  • ힼ
  • -


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) HORIZONTAL BAR
Unicode 1 Name (na1) QUOTATION DASH
Block (blk) Punctuation
General Category (gc) Dash Punctuation
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) Other Neutral
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ―
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ―
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ―
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ―
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ―
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ―
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ―
Case Folding (cf) ―
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ―
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Ambiguous
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ―
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ambiguous
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ―
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other
Simple Case Folding (scf) ―
Script Extension (scx) Common
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)