U+2030 PER MILLE SIGN

U+2030 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block General Punctuation in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Punctuation and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script. The character is also known as permille and per thousand.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as European Terminator and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+2030 behaves as Postfix Numeric regarding line breaks. It has type Other for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

A per mille (from Latin per mīlle, "in each thousand"), also spelled per mil, per mill, permil, permill, or permille is a sign indicating parts per thousand. Per mil should not be confused with parts per million (ppm).

The sign is written , which looks like a percent sign (%) with an extra zero in the divisor. It is included in the General Punctuation block of Unicode characters: U+2030 ‰ per mille sign (HTML ‰ · ‰). It is accessible in Windows using ALT+0137.

The term occurs so rarely in English that major dictionaries do not agree on the spelling or pronunciation even within a single dialect of English and some major dictionaries such as Macmillan and Longman do not even contain an entry. The term is more common in other European languages where it is used in contexts, such as blood alcohol content, that are usually expressed as a percentage in English-speaking countries.

Representations

System Representation
8240
UTF-8 E2 80 B0
UTF-16 20 30
UTF-32 00 00 20 30
URL-Quoted %E2%80%B0
HTML-Escape ‰
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ‰
HTML-Escape ‰
digraph %0
alias permille
alias per thousand
LaTeX \textperthousand
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) A2 B6
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) A2 F3
Encoding: MACINTOSH (hex bytes) E4
Encoding: WINDOWS-1250 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1251 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1252 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1253 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1254 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1255 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1256 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1257 (hex bytes) 89
Encoding: WINDOWS-1258 (hex bytes) 89

Related Characters

Confusables

  • º / ₀ ₀
  • ⁰ / ₀ ₀

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) PER MILLE SIGN
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Punctuation
General Category (gc) Other Punctuation
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) European Terminator
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ‰
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ‰
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ‰
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ‰
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ‰
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ‰
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ‰
Case Folding (cf) ‰
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ‰
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Ambiguous
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ‰
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Postfix Numeric
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ‰
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other
Simple Case Folding (scf) ‰
Script Extension (scx) Common
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)