Home U+2100 to U+214F Letterlike Symbols
Glyph for U+214E
Source: Noto Sans

U+214E Turned Small F

U+214E was added to Unicode in version 5.0 (2006). It belongs to the block U+2100 to U+214F Letterlike Symbols in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Lowercase Letter and is mainly used in the Latin script. It is related to its uppercase variant Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F and its titlecase variant Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+214E behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Lower for sentence and Alphabetic Letter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Claudian letters were developed by the Roman emperor Claudius (reigned 41–54). He introduced three new letters to the Latin alphabet:

  • or ↃϹ/X (antisigma) to replace BS and PS, much as X stood in for CS and GS. The shape of this letter is disputed, however, since no inscription bearing it has been found. Franz Bücheler identified it with the variant Roman numeral Ↄ, but 20th century philologists, working from copies of Priscian's books, believe it to instead resemble two linked Cs (Ↄ+Ϲ), which was a preexisting variant of Greek sigma, and easily mistaken for X by later writers. Revilo P. Oliver argued that Claudius would have based this letter upon the Arcadian variant of psi or . This letter should not be confused with the "open O" letter Ɔ.
  • , a turned F or digamma (digamma inversum) to be used instead of the letter V when denoting the consonantal phoneme (w/β). Thus, it resembles the use of the letter V in modern Latin texts, where the vocalic use of the letter V is represented by its variant U which has been recognized as a different letter only later.
  • , a half H. The value of this letter is unclear, but perhaps it represented the so-called sonus medius, a short vowel sound (likely ɨ or ʉ) used before labial consonants in Latin words such as optumus/optimus. The letter was later used as a variant of y in inscriptions for short Greek upsilon (as in Olympicus). It may have disappeared because the sonus medius itself disappeared from spoken language.


System Representation
UTF-8 E2 85 8E
UTF-16 21 4E
UTF-32 00 00 21 4E
URL-Quoted %E2%85%8E
HTML-Escape ⅎ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ⅎ

Related Characters


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 5.0 (2006)
Unicode 1 Name
Block Letterlike Symbols
General Category Lowercase Letter
Script Latin
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+2132 Turned Capital F
Case Folding Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Lower
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Alphabetic Letter
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Alphabetic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+214E Turned Small F
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R