Home: go to the homepage U+2A00 to U+2AFF Supplemental Mathematical Operators

U+2A0C was added in Unicode version 3.2 in 2002. It belongs to the block U+2A00 to U+2AFF Supplemental Mathematical Operators in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Math Symbol and is commonly used, that is, in no specific script.

The glyph is a compatibility composition of the glyphs Integral, Integral, Integral, Integral. It has no designated width in East Asian texts. In bidirectional text it acts as Other Neutral. When changing direction it is mirrored. The word that U+2A0C forms with similar adjacent characters prevents a line break inside it. The glyph can be confused with one other glyph.

In mathematics (specifically multivariable calculus), a multiple integral is a definite integral of a function of several real variables, for instance, f(x, y) or f(x, y, z). Physical (natural philosophy) interpretation: S any surface, V any volume, etc.. Incl. variable to time, position, etc.

Integrals of a function of two variables over a region in ${R}^{2}$ (the real-number plane) are called double integrals, and integrals of a function of three variables over a region in ${R}^{3}$ (real-number 3D space) are called triple integrals. For multiple integrals of a single-variable function, see the Cauchy formula for repeated integration.

## Representations

System Representation
10764
UTF-8 E2 A8 8C
UTF-16 2A 0C
UTF-32 00 00 2A 0C
URL-Quoted %E2%A8%8C
HTML hex reference &#x2A0C;
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake â¨Œ
HTML named entity &iiiint;
HTML named entity &qint;

## Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 3.2 (2002)
Unicode Name (na) QUADRUPLE INTEGRAL OPERATOR
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Supplemental Arrows-C
General Category (gc) Math Symbol
Script (sc) Common
Bidirectional Category (bc) Other Neutral
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) compatibility
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Integral Integral Integral Integral
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Quadruple Integral Operator
Case Folding (cf) Quadruple Integral Operator
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Quadruple Integral Operator
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
IDSU (IDSU) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Integral Integral Integral Integral
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) No
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Integral Integral Integral Integral
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Sentence Break (SB) Other
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Quadruple Integral Operator
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) neutral
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Quadruple Integral Operator
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) R