U+3096 HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL KE

U+3096 was added to Unicode in version 3.2 (2002). It belongs to the block Hiragana in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Hiragana script.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+3096 behaves as Conditional Japanese Starter regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The small ke (ヶ) is a Japanese character, typographically a small form of the katakana character ケ ke.

While identical in shape to a small ケ, the shape is actually an abbreviation for the kanji 箇, specifically by writing half of the bamboo radical 竹 (⺮), and ヶ is used as an abbreviation 箇 (alternatively written 個 or 个), which is a common Japanese counter word. It is also as an abbreviation for the Japanese conjunctive particle が. It is unrelated to the katakana character ケ, which is an abbreviation for 介, but ヶ is sometimes written as a large character ケ. Although it resembles the katakana character ke (ケ), it is pronounced ka (sometimes ko) when a counter, or ga when a conjunction, not ke. When used as a counter pronounced ka, the katakana カ or ヵ are sometimes used instead; when used as a counter pronounced ko, the katakana コ is sometimes used instead (chiefly in informal writing) – ヶ follows the shape, while ヵ (or コ) follows the sound. However, ヶ is not used as a general abbreviation for 箇 or 個 – for example, 個人 kojin, "individual" will not be written as ×ヶ人 (except possibly as very informal ryakuji; contrast with 〆, as abbreviation for 締); note that 個 is used in various words, but 箇 is generally only used as a counter, or variant of 個.

The most familiar example as a counter is for counting months, as in 1ヶ月 (ik-ka-getsu, one month [duration]) where it is pronounced ka. Other common examples are places 〜ヶ所 -ka-sho and countries 〜ヶ国 -ka-koku.

An example where it is pronounced as ko is when counting small objects, such as pieces of fruit or candy, where one may write 一ヶ (ik-ko), rather than the more formal 一個; this is particularly common in hand-written signs at shops, though 一コ is also common.

When used as a conjunction, 〜が〜 -ga-, it has the same meaning as 〜の〜 -no- (which is more common in modern Japanese), and is commonly used in place names, though rare in everyday words. One relatively common word using ヶ is 雁ヶ音 karigane (kari-ga-ne – goose-'s-sound, the cry of the wild goose).

In place names, it is generally a conjunction, and hence pronounced ga, particularly as 「~ヶ原」 (-ga-hara) "field of ...", as in 青木ヶ原 (Aokigahara, laurel-'s-field, field of laurel). It may also be a counter, where it will generally be pronounced ka, as in 三ヶ日 (Mikkabi, place name, "three days").

In some cases both ヶ and が (and even ケ) are used to write a place name, depending on the specific place with a given name or usage. This may have also changed over time, so older documents may use a different form, and old establishments may use an outdated spelling. The most conspicuous example is Jiyūgaoka, which refers to a number of places throughout Japan (see 自由ヶ丘), some of which officially use 自由が丘, 自由ヶ丘, or 自由ケ丘. The best-known of these is a popular neighborhood in Tokyo, whose official form is 自由が丘, but it was formerly 自由ヶ丘, changing in 1965 (the station changed in 1966), and some businesses use the older form.

Representations

System Representation
12438
UTF-8 E3 82 96
UTF-16 30 96
UTF-32 00 00 30 96
URL-Quoted %E3%82%96
HTML-Escape ゖ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ゖ

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 3.2
Unicode Name (na) HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL KE
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) Hiragana
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Hiragana
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ゖ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ゖ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ゖ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ゖ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ゖ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ゖ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ゖ
Case Folding (cf) ゖ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ゖ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ゖ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Conditional Japanese Starter
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ゖ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) ゖ
Script Extension (scx) Hiragana
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)