U+FEC5 ARABIC LETTER ZAH ISOLATED FORM

U+FEC5 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Arabic Presentation Forms-B in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Arabic script.

The glyph is a Isolated composition of the glyphs ظ. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Arabic Letter and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 12 other glyphs. In text U+FEC5 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Ẓāʾ, or ṱāʾ ظ, is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being thāʼ, khāʼ, dhāl, ḍād, ġayn). In Arabic it represents a pharyngealized voiced alveolar fricative, voiced dental fricative or velarized voiced dental fricative ([zˤ]~[ðˤ]~[ðˠ]). In name and shape, it is a variant of ṭāʼ. Its numerical value is 900 (see Abjad numerals).

The ẓāʼ sound is an emphatic [z] or [ð], pronounced with the center of the tongue depressed. Regional pronunciations vary; it may sound like an emphatic counterpart of either ز or ذ. In few dialects, such as the Lebanese Arabic, it is indistinguishable from the former in sound. Because the Persian pronunciation of this letter is influenced by the Levantine dialect, it too, is indistinguishable in sound.

Ẓāʼ is the rarest phoneme of the Arabic language. Out of 2,967 triliteral roots listed by Hans Wehr in his 1952 dictionary, only 42 (1.4%) contain ظ.

In some reconstructions of Proto-Semitic phonology, there is an emphatic interdental fricative, ṱ ([θˤ] or [ðˤ]), featuring as the direct ancestor of Arabic ẓāʼ, while it merged with ṣ in most other Semitic languages, although the South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for ẓ.

Note: See also ḍād.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ט׳.


Representations

System Representation
65221
UTF-8 EF BB 85
UTF-16 FE C5
UTF-32 00 00 FE C5
URL-Quoted %EF%BB%85
HTML-Escape ﻅ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ﻅ
digraph zH-

Related Characters

Confusables

  • ظ
  • ﰨ
  • ﲹ
  • ﴻ
  • ﻅ
  • ﻆ
  • ﻇ
  • ﻈ
  • 𞸚
  • 𞹺
  • 𞺚
  • 𞺺

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) ARABIC LETTER ZAH ISOLATED FORM
Unicode 1 Name (na1) GLYPH FOR ISOLATE ARABIC DHAH
Block (blk) Arabic_PF_B
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Arabic
Bidirectional Category (bc) Arabic Letter
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) Isolated
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ظ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ﻅ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ﻅ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ﻅ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ﻅ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ﻅ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ﻅ
Case Folding (cf) ﻅ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ﻅ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ﻅ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ظ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) No
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) ﻅ
Script Extension (scx) Arabic
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)