U+FECD ARABIC LETTER GHAIN ISOLATED FORM

U+FECD was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Arabic Presentation Forms-B in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Arabic script.

The glyph is a Isolated composition of the glyphs غ. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Arabic Letter and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 22 other glyphs. In text U+FECD behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Arabic letter غ (Arabic: غين‎ ghayn or ġayn) is the nineteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, one of the six letters not in the twenty-two akin to the Phoenician alphabet (the others being thāʼ, khāʼ, dhāl, ḍād, ẓāʼ). It is the twenty-second letter in the new Persian alphabet. It represents the sound /ɣ/ or /ʁ/. In Persian language it represents [ɣ]~[ɢ]. In name and shape, it is a variant of ʻayn (ع). Its numerical value is 1000 (see Abjad numerals).

A voiced velar fricative /ɣ/ or a voiced uvular fricative /ʁ/ (usually reconstructed for Proto-Semitic) merged with ʻayin in most languages except for Arabic, Ugaritic, and older varieties of the Canaanite languages. Canaanite languages and Hebrew later also merged it with ʻayin, and this merger was complete in Tiberian Hebrew. The South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for ġ, .

The letter ghayn (غ) is sometimes used to represent the voiced velar plosive /ɡ/ in loan words and names in Arabic and is then often pronounced /ɡ/, not /ɣ/, such as the word for Bulgaria (بلغاريا). Other letters, such as ج‎, ق‎, ك‎ (also گ, ݣ‎, ݢ‎, ڨ‎, instead of the original Arabic letters), can be used to transcribe /ɡ/ in loan words and names, depending on whether the local variety of Arabic in the country has the phoneme /ɡ/, which letter represents it if it does, and on whether it is customary in the country to use that letter to transcribe /ɡ/. For instance, in Egypt, where ج is pronounced as [ɡ] in all situations, even when speaking Modern Standard Arabic (except in certain contexts, such as reciting the Qur'an), ج is used to transcribe foreign [ɡ] in virtually all contexts. In many cases غ is pronounced in loan words as expected—/ɣ/, not /ɡ/—even though the original language had /ɡ/.

When representing this sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ע׳.

In English, the letter غ in Arabic names is usually transliterated as ‹gh›, ‹ġ›, or simply ‹g›, e.g. بغداد Baghdād 'Baghdad', or غزة Ghazzah 'Gaza', the latter of which does not render the sound [ɣ]~[ʁ] accurately. The closest equivalent sound known to most English speakers is the Parisian French "r" [ʁ].

Ghayn is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Representations

System Representation
65229
UTF-8 EF BB 8D
UTF-16 FE CD
UTF-32 00 00 FE CD
URL-Quoted %EF%BB%8D
HTML-Escape ﻍ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ﻍ
digraph i+-

Related Characters

Confusables

  • غ
  • ﰫ
  • ﰬ
  • ﲼ
  • ﲽ
  • ﳹ
  • ﳺ
  • ﴕ
  • ﴖ
  • ﵹ
  • ﵺ
  • ﵻ
  • ﻍ
  • ﻎ
  • ﻏ
  • ﻐ
  • 𞸛
  • 𞸻
  • 𞹛
  • 𞹻
  • 𞺛
  • 𞺻

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) ARABIC LETTER GHAIN ISOLATED FORM
Unicode 1 Name (na1) GLYPH FOR ISOLATE ARABIC GHAIN
Block (blk) Arabic_PF_B
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Arabic
Bidirectional Category (bc) Arabic Letter
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) Isolated
Decomposition Mapping (dm) غ
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ﻍ
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ﻍ
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ﻍ
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ﻍ
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ﻍ
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ﻍ
Case Folding (cf) ﻍ
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ﻍ
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ﻍ
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) غ
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) No
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) ﻍ
Script Extension (scx) Arabic
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)