Home U+FE70 to U+FEFF Arabic Presentation Forms-B
Glyph for U+FECF
Source: Noto Sans Arabic


U+FECF was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+FE70 to U+FEFF Arabic Presentation Forms-B in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Arabic script.

The glyph is a Initial composition of the glyph Glyph for U+063A Arabic Letter Ghain. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Arabic Letter and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+FECF behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Alphabetic Letter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The Arabic letter غ (Arabic: غَيْنْ ghayn or ġayn) is the nineteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, one of the six letters not in the twenty-two akin to the Phoenician alphabet (the others being thāʼ, khāʼ, dhāl, ḍād, ẓāʼ), it represents the sound /ɣ/ or /ʁ/. In name and shape, it is a variant of ʻayn (ع). Its numerical value is 1000 (see Abjad numerals). In the Persian language, it represents [ɣ]~[ɢ] and is the twenty-second letter in the new Persian alphabet.

A voiced velar fricative /ɣ/ or a voiced uvular fricative /ʁ/ (usually reconstructed for Proto-Semitic) merged with ʻayin in most languages except for Arabic, Ugaritic, and older varieties of the Canaanite languages. Canaanite languages and Hebrew later also merged it with ʻayin, and the merger was complete in Tiberian Hebrew. The South Arabian alphabet retained a symbol for ġ, 𐩶. Biblical Hebrew, as of the 3rd century BCE, apparently still distinguished the phonemes ġ /ʁ/ and ḫ /χ/, based on transcriptions in the Septuagint. For example, Gomorrah is represented in Hebrew as עֲמֹרָה‎, which sounds like ‘Ămōrāh in Modern Hebrew, but the Greek transcription of Γομορραν, Gomoras, suggests that the Hebrew lemma was then still pronounced as Ġămōrāh.

The letter ghayn (غ) is sometimes used to represent the voiced velar plosive /ɡ/ in loanwords and names in Arabic; it is then often pronounced /ɡ/, not /ɣ/. Other letters, such as ج‎, ق‎, ک/ك‎ (also گ‎, ݣ‎, ݢ‎, ڨ‎, ڠ‎, instead of the original Arabic letters), can be used to transcribe /ɡ/ in loanwords and names, depending on whether the local variety of Arabic in the country has the phoneme /ɡ/, which letter represents it if it does and on whether it is customary in the country to use that letter to transcribe /ɡ/. For instance, in Egypt, where ج is pronounced as [ɡ] in all situations, even in speaking Modern Standard Arabic (except in certain contexts, such as reciting the Qur'an), ج is used to transcribe foreign [ɡ] in virtually all contexts. In many cases, غ is pronounced in loanwords as expected (/ɣ/, not /ɡ/) even though the original language had /ɡ/.

When representing the sound in transliteration of Arabic into Hebrew, it is written as ע׳.

In English, the letter غ in Arabic names is usually transliterated as ‹gh›, ‹ġ›, or simply ‹g›: بغداد Baghdād 'Baghdad', or غزة Ghazzah 'Gaza', the latter of which does not render the sound [ɣ]~[ʁ] accurately. The closest equivalent sound to be known to most English-speakers is the Parisian French "r" [ʁ].

Ghayn is written in several ways depending on its position in the word:


System Representation
UTF-32 00 00 FE CF
URL-Quoted %EF%BB%8F
HTML-Escape ﻏ
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ﻏ
Adobe Glyph List ghaininitialarabic
digraph i+;

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Block Arabic Presentation Forms-B
General Category Other Letter
Script Arabic
Bidirectional Category Arabic Letter
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type Initial
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+063A Arabic Letter Ghain
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Case Folding Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+063A Arabic Letter Ghain
NFKC Quick Check No
NFKD Quick Check No
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Alphabetic Letter
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Neutral
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Alphabetic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+FECF Arabic Letter Ghain Initial Form
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation R