U+011A was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Latin Extended-A in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Uppercase Letter and is mainly used in the Latin script. It is related to its lowercase variant ě.

The glyph is a Canonical composition of the glyphs E ̌. It has a Neutral East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+011A behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Upper for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The grapheme Ě, ě (E with caron) is used in Czech, Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian alphabets.

The letter ě is a vestige of Old-Czech palatalization. The originally palatalizing phoneme /ě/ [ʲɛ] became extinct, changing to [ɛ] or [jɛ], but it is preserved as a grapheme.

This letter never appears in the initial position, and its pronunciation depends on the preceding consonant:

  • Dě, tě, ně [ɟɛ, cɛ, ɲɛ] is written instead of ďe, ťe, ňe (analogously to di, ti, ni).
  • Bě, pě, vě, fě is written instead of bje, pje, vje, fje. But in some words (vjezd, entry, drive-in, objem, volume), bje, vje is written because –je- is part of the etymological root of the word, preceded by the prefix v- or ob-.
  • [mɲɛ] is written instead of mňe. For etymological reasons, mně is written in some words (jemný, soft -> jemně, softly).

The grapheme is also use in Croatian to detonate a jat (něsam, věra, lěpo, pověst, tělo...) and could be pronounce depending on specific reflex : Ekavian (nisam, vera, lepo, povest, telo...), Ikavian (nisam, vira, lipo, povist, tilo...), Jekavian (njesam, vjera, ljepo, povjest, tjelo...) or Ijekavian ("nijesam, vijera, lijepo, povijest, tijelo..."). Historically its use was very wide spread, today it is only found in scientific and historically accurate literature.

Pinyin uses this ĕ (e caron), not the e breve, to indicate the third tone of Mandarin Chinese.


System Representation
UTF-8 C4 9A
UTF-16 01 1A
UTF-32 00 00 01 1A
URL-Quoted %C4%9A
HTML-Escape Ě
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake Ě
HTML-Escape Ě
digraph E<
LaTeX \v{E}
Encoding: ISO-8859-2 (hex bytes) CC
Encoding: WINDOWS-1250 (hex bytes) CC

Related Characters

  • ě


  • Ĕ
  • Ě


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Block (blk) Latin_Ext_A
General Category (gc) Uppercase Letter
Script (sc) Latin
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) Canonical
Decomposition Mapping (dm) E ̌
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ě
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ě
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Ě
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Ě
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Ě
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Ě
Case Folding (cf) ě
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Ě
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Neutral
Extender (Ext)
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Alphabetic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) No
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ě
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) No
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Upper
Simple Case Folding (scf) ě
Script Extension (scx) Latin
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) ALetter
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)