U+030C was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Combining Diacritical Marks in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and inherits its script property from the preceding character. The character is also known as hacek and V above.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Nonspacing Mark and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 14 other glyphs. In text U+030C behaves as Combining Mark regarding line breaks. It has type Extend for sentence and Extend for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Extend.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

A caron ( ˇ ) or háček (/ˈhɑːtʃɛk/; from Czech háček [ˈɦaːtʃɛk]) or mäkčeň (/ˈmæktʃɛn/; from Slovak mäkčeň [ˈmektʃeɲ]), also known as a wedge, inverted circumflex, inverted hat, is a diacritic placed over certain letters to indicate present or historical palatalization, iotation, or postalveolar pronunciation in the orthography of some Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic, Berber and other languages. The caron also indicates the third tone (falling and then rising) in the Pinyin romanization of Mandarin Chinese.

It looks similar to a breve, but has a sharp tip, like an inverted circumflex (ˆ), while a breve is rounded. Compare the caron: Ǎ ǎ Ě ě Ǐ ǐ Ǒ ǒ Ǔ ǔ to the breve: Ă ă Ĕ ĕ Ĭ ĭ Ŏ ŏ Ŭ ŭ.

The left (downward) stroke is usually thicker than the right (upward) stroke in serif typefaces.

The caron is also used as a symbol or modifier in mathematics.


System Representation
UTF-16 03 0C
UTF-32 00 00 03 0C
URL-Quoted %CC%8C
HTML-Escape ̌
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ̌
alias hacek
alias V above
LaTeX \v

Related Characters

  • Č
  • č
  • Ď
  • ď
  • Ě
  • ě
  • Ľ
  • ľ
  • Ň
  • ň
  • Ř
  • ř
  • Š
  • š
  • Ť
  • ť
  • Ž
  • ž
  • Ǎ
  • ǎ
  • Ǐ
  • ǐ
  • Ǒ
  • ǒ
  • Ǔ
  • ǔ
  • Ǚ
  • ǚ
  • Ǧ
  • ǧ
  • Ǩ
  • ǩ
  • Ǯ
  • ǯ
  • ǰ
  • Ȟ
  • ȟ


  • ̆
  • ̌
  • ̐
  • ͮ
  • ँ
  • ঁ
  • ઁ
  • ଁ
  • ఀ
  • ಁ
  • ഁ
  • ≚
  • ꙼
  • 𑒿


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) COMBINING CARON
Unicode 1 Name (na1) NON-SPACING HACEK
Block (blk) Diacriticals
General Category (gc) Nonspacing Mark
Script (sc) Inherited
Bidirectional Category (bc) Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class (ccc) Above
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) ̌
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) ̌
Lowercase Mapping (lc) ̌
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) ̌
Uppercase Mapping (uc) ̌
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) ̌
Titlecase Mapping (tc) ̌
Case Folding (cf) ̌
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) ̌
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Ambiguous
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) ̌
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Extend
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Transparent
Line Break (lb) Combining Mark
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Maybe
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) ̌
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Maybe
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Extend
Simple Case Folding (scf) ̌
Script Extension (scx) Inherited
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Extend
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)