Home: go to the homepage U+0300 to U+036F Combining Diacritical Marks
Glyph for U+030C
Source: Noto Sans

U+030C Combining Caron

U+030C was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+0300 to U+036F Combining Diacritical Marks in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Nonspacing Mark and inherits its script property from the preceding character. The character is also known as hacek and V above.

The glyph is not a composition. Its width in East Asian texts is determined by its context. It can be displayed wide or narrow. In bidirectional text it acts as Nonspacing Mark. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+030C prohibits a line break before it. The glyph can be confused with one other glyph.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

A caron is a diacritic mark (◌̌) commonly placed over certain letters in the orthography of some languages to indicate a change of the related letter's pronunciation.

The symbol is common in the Baltic, Slavic, Finnic, Samic and Berber languages.

The use of the caron differs according to the orthographic rules of a language. In most Slavic and other European languages it indicates present or historical palatalization (eě; [e] → [ʲe]), iotation, or postalveolar articulation (cč; [ts][tʃ]). In Salishan languages, it often represents a uvular consonant (x → ; [x] → [χ]). When placed over vowel symbols, the caron can indicate a contour tone, for instance the falling and then rising tone in the Pinyin romanization of Mandarin Chinese. It is also used to decorate symbols in mathematics, where it is often pronounced ("check").

The caron is shaped approximately like a small letter "v". For serif typefaces, the caron generally has one of two forms: either symmetrical, essentially identical to a rotated circumflex; or with the left stroke thicker than the right, like the usual serif form of the letter "v" (but without serifs). The latter form is often preferred by Czech designers for use in Czech, while for other uses the symmetrical form tends to predominate, as it does also among sans-serif fonts.

The caron is not to be confused with the breve (◌̆), which has a curved bottom, while the caron is pointed (see illustration).


System Representation
UTF-16 03 0C
UTF-32 00 00 03 0C
URL-Quoted %CC%8C
HTML hex reference ̌
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake ◌̌
alias hacek
alias V above
AGL: Latin-4 uni030C
AGL: Latin-5 uni030C
Adobe Glyph List caroncmb

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) COMBINING CARON
Unicode 1 Name (na1) NON-SPACING HACEK
Block (blk) Combining Diacritical Marks
General Category (gc) Nonspacing Mark
Script (sc) Inherited
Bidirectional Category (bc) Nonspacing Mark
Combining Class (ccc) Above
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Extend
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) Extend
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Maybe
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Maybe
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Extend
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Extend
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) ambiguous
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Transparent
Line Break (lb) Combining Mark
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+030C Combining Caron
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) R