U+03C0 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block Greek and Coptic in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Lowercase Letter and is mainly used in the Greek script. It is related to its uppercase variant and its titlecase variant .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Ambiguous East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 70 other glyphs. In text U+03C0 behaves as Alphabetic regarding line breaks. It has type Lower for sentence and ALetter for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The number

πis a mathematical constant, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, commonly approximated as 3.14159. It has been represented by the Greek letter "π" since the mid-18th century, though it is also sometimes spelled out as "pi" (/paɪ/).Being an irrational number, π cannot be expressed exactly as a common fraction, although fractions such as 22/7 and other rational numbers are commonly used to approximate π. Consequently, its decimal representation never ends and never settles into a permanent repeating pattern. The digits appear to be randomly distributed; however, to date, no proof of this has been discovered. Also, π is a transcendental number – a number that is not the root of any non-zero polynomial having rational coefficients. This transcendence of π implies that it is impossible to solve the ancient challenge of squaring the circle with a compass and straightedge.

Although ancient civilizations needed the value of π to be computed accurately for practical reasons, it was not calculated to more than seven digits, using geometrical techniques, in Chinese mathematics and to about five in Indian mathematics in the 5th century CE. The historically first exact formula for π, based on infinite series, was not available until a millennium later, when in the 14th century the Madhava–Leibniz series was discovered in Indian mathematics. In the 20th and 21st centuries, mathematicians and computer scientists discovered new approaches that, when combined with increasing computational power, extended the decimal representation of π to, as of late 2013, over 13.3 trillion (10

^{13}) digits. Scientific applications generally require no more than 40 digits of π so the primary motivation for these computations is the human desire to break records. However, the extensive calculations involved have been used to test supercomputers and high-precision multiplication algorithms.Because its definition relates to the circle, π is found in many formulae in trigonometry and geometry, especially those concerning circles, ellipses or spheres. It is also found in formulae used in other branches of science such as cosmology, number theory, statistics, fractals, thermodynamics, mechanics and electromagnetism. The ubiquity of π makes it one of the most widely known mathematical constants both inside and outside the scientific community: Several books devoted to it have been published, the number is celebrated on Pi Day and record-setting calculations of the digits of π often result in news headlines. Attempts to memorize the value of π with increasing precision have led to records of over 67,000 digits.

System | Representation |
---|---|

Nº | 960 |

UTF-8 | CF 80 |

UTF-16 | 03 C0 |

UTF-32 | 00 00 03 C0 |

URL-Quoted | %CF%80 |

HTML-Escape | π |

Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake | Ï |

HTML-Escape | π |

digraph | p* |

L^{a}T_{e}X |
\pi |

Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) | A5 F0 |

Encoding: ISO-8859-7 (hex bytes) | F0 |

Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) | A6 D0 |

Encoding: MACINTOSH (hex bytes) | B9 |

Encoding: WINDOWS-1253 (hex bytes) | F0 |

Property | Value |
---|---|

Age (age) | 1.1 |

Unicode Name (na) | GREEK SMALL LETTER PI |

Unicode 1 Name (na1) | — |

Block (blk) | Greek |

General Category (gc) | Lowercase Letter |

Script (sc) | Greek |

Bidirectional Category (bc) | Left To Right |

Combining Class (ccc) | Not Reordered |

Decomposition Type (dt) | None |

Decomposition Mapping (dm) | |

Lowercase (Lower) | ✔ |

Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) | |

Lowercase Mapping (lc) | |

Uppercase (Upper) | ✘ |

Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) | |

Uppercase Mapping (uc) | |

Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) | |

Titlecase Mapping (tc) | |

Case Folding (cf) | |

ASCII Hex Digit (AHex) | ✘ |

Alphabetic (Alpha) | ✔ |

Bidi Control (Bidi_C) | ✘ |

Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M) | ✘ |

Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) | |

Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) | None |

Cased (Cased) | ✔ |

Composition Exclusion (CE) | ✘ |

Case Ignorable (CI) | ✘ |

Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex) | ✘ |

Changes When Casefolded (CWCF) | ✘ |

Changes When Casemapped (CWCM) | ✔ |

Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF) | ✘ |

Changes When Lowercased (CWL) | ✘ |

Changes When Titlecased (CWT) | ✔ |

Changes When Uppercased (CWU) | ✔ |

Dash (Dash) | ✘ |

Deprecated (Dep) | ✘ |

Default Ignorable Code Point (DI) | ✘ |

Diacritic (Dia) | ✘ |

East Asian Width (ea) | Ambiguous |

Extender (Ext) | ✘ |

FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) | |

Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) | Any |

Grapheme Base (Gr_Base) | ✔ |

Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext) | ✘ |

Grapheme Link (Gr_Link) | ✘ |

Hex Digit (Hex) | ✘ |

Hangul Syllable Type (hst) | Not Applicable |

Hyphen (Hyphen) | ✘ |

ID Continue (IDC) | ✔ |

Ideographic (Ideo) | ✘ |

ID Start (IDS) | ✔ |

IDS Binary Operator (IDSB) | ✘ |

IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST) | ✘ |

InMC (InMC) | — |

Indic Positional Category (InPC) | NA |

Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) | Other |

ISO 10646 Comment (isc) | — |

Joining Group (jg) | No_Joining_Group |

Join Control (Join_C) | ✘ |

Jamo Short Name (JSN) | — |

Joining Type (jt) | Non Joining |

Line Break (lb) | Alphabetic |

Logical Order Exception (LOE) | ✘ |

Math (Math) | ✘ |

Noncharacter Code Point (NChar) | ✘ |

NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) | Yes |

NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) | Yes |

NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) | |

NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) | Yes |

NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) | Yes |

Numeric Type (nt) | None |

Numeric Value (nv) | NaN |

Other Alphabetic (OAlpha) | ✘ |

Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI) | ✘ |

Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext) | ✘ |

Other ID Continue (OIDC) | ✘ |

Other ID Start (OIDS) | ✘ |

Other Lowercase (OLower) | ✘ |

Other Math (OMath) | ✘ |

Other Uppercase (OUpper) | ✘ |

Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn) | ✘ |

Pattern White Space (Pat_WS) | ✘ |

Quotation Mark (QMark) | ✘ |

Radical (Radical) | ✘ |

Sentence Break (SB) | Lower |

Simple Case Folding (scf) | |

Script Extension (scx) | Greek |

Soft Dotted (SD) | ✘ |

STerm (STerm) | ✘ |

Terminal Punctuation (Term) | ✘ |

Unified Ideograph (UIdeo) | ✘ |

Variation Selector (VS) | ✘ |

Word Break (WB) | ALetter |

White Space (WSpace) | ✘ |

XID Continue (XIDC) | ✔ |

XID Start (XIDS) | ✔ |

Expands On NFC (XO_NFC) | ✘ |

Expands On NFD (XO_NFD) | ✘ |

Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC) | ✘ |

Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD) | ✘ |