U+4E18 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as hill; elder; empty; a name. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is qi.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+4E18 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Confucius (/kənˈfjuːʃəs/; 551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history.

The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself", an early version of the Golden Rule.


System Representation
UTF-8 E4 B8 98
UTF-16 4E 18
UTF-32 00 00 4E 18
URL-Quoted %E4%B8%98
HTML-Escape 丘
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 丘
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) CE F8
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B5 D6
Pīnyīn qi
IRG_GSource G0-4770
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3556
IRG_KPSource KP0-D0D
IRG_KSource K0-4E78
IRG_TSource T1-4563
IRG_VSource V1-4A3
BigFive A543
CCCII 21302F
CNS1986 1-4563
CNS1992 1-4563
EACC 21302F
GB0 3980
GB1 3980
Jis0 2154
KSC0 4688
MainlandTelegraph 8002
TaiwanTelegraph 8003
Xerox 254:277


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E18
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 丘
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 丘
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 丘
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 丘
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 丘
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 丘
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 丘
Case Folding (cf) 丘
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 丘
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 丘
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-4770
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3556
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-D0D
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-4E78
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4563
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4A3
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0156.020
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00033
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10017.010
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0077.140
kBigFive (kBigFive) A543
kCangjie (kCangjie) OM
kCantonese (kCantonese) jau1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 21302F
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 36.401
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4563
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4563
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0156.020
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) hill; elder; empty; a name
kEACC (kEACC) 21302F
kFenn (kFenn) 213G
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 86.05 349.09
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 7210.1
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB0 (kGB0) 3980
kGB1 (kGB1) 3980
kGSR (kGSR) 0994a
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10017.010
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) qiū(58)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10017.010:qiū
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0015
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) OKA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) KYUU
kJis0 (kJis0) 2154
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0077.140
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 406
kKorean (kKorean) KWU
kKPS0 (kKPS0) D0DF
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 4688
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 8002
kMandarin (kMandarin) qiū
kMatthews (kMatthews) 1213
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 3844a
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00033
kNelson (kNelson) 0174
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1506
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1648+1.1.4
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 1.4
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 1.4
kSBGY (kSBGY) 207.17
Semantic Variant (kSemanticVariant) 㐀 坵
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 8003
kTang (kTang) *kiou kiou
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 5
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) khâu
kXerox (kXerox) 254:277
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0939.070:qiū
z Variant (kZVariant) 丠
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 丘
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 丘
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)