U+4E39 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as cinnabar (native HgS); vermilion (artificial HgS used as pigment). Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is d.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+4E39 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E4 B8 B9
UTF-16 4E 39
UTF-32 00 00 4E 39
URL-Quoted %E4%B8%B9
HTML-Escape 丹
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 丹
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) D3 A1
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C3 B0
Pīnyīn d
IRG_GSource G0-3524
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4330
IRG_KPSource KP0-D5A
IRG_KSource K0-5321
IRG_TSource T1-4465
IRG_VSource V1-4A3
BigFive A4A6
CCCII 213038
CNS1986 1-4465
CNS1992 1-4465
EACC 213038
GB0 2104
GB1 2104
Jis0 3516
KSC0 5101
MainlandTelegraph 0030
TaiwanTelegraph 0030
Xerox 246:130

Related Characters

  • 丹


  • 丹


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E39
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 丹
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 丹
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 丹
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 丹
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 丹
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 丹
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 丹
Case Folding (cf) 丹
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 丹
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 丹
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-3524
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4330
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-D5A
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-5321
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4465
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4A3
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0162.220
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00099
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10044.010
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0080.160
kBigFive (kBigFive) A4A6
kCangjie (kCangjie) BY
kCantonese (kCantonese) daan1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 213038
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 44.201
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4465
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4465
kCowles (kCowles) 4048
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0162.220
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) cinnabar (native HgS); vermilion (artificial HgS used as pigment)
kEACC (kEACC) 213038
kFenn (kFenn) 570E
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 492.05
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 7744.0
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 2104
kGB1 (kGB1) 2104
kGSR (kGSR) 0150a
kHangul (kHangul) 단 란
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10044.010
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) dān(31) dan(11)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10044.010:dān
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0024
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) AKA NI
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) TAN
kJis0 (kJis0) 3516
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0080.160
kKorean (kKorean) TAN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) D5AD
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 5101
kLau (kLau) 461
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0030
kMandarin (kMandarin) dān
kMatthews (kMatthews) 6026
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 2943
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00099
kNelson (kNelson) 0163
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1295 1570
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2926+3.1.3 V+13914+1.1.3
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 3.3
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 3.3
kSBGY (kSBGY) 121.17
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0030
kTang (kTang) *dɑn dɑn
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 4
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) đam
kXerox (kXerox) 246:130
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0210.010:dān
z Variant (kZVariant) 丹
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 丹
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 丹
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)