U+4E45 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as long time (ago); time passage, grow late. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is ji.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+4E45 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E4 B9 85
UTF-16 4E 45
UTF-32 00 00 4E 45
URL-Quoted %E4%B9%85
HTML-Escape 久
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 久
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) CE F9
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B5 D7
Pīnyīn ji
IRG_GSource G0-3E43
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3557
IRG_KPSource KP0-D0E
IRG_KSource K0-4E79
IRG_TSource T1-443C
IRG_VSource V1-4A3
BigFive A45B
CCCII 21303B
CNS1986 1-443C
CNS1992 1-443C
EACC 21303B
GB0 3035
GB1 3035
Jis0 2155
KSC0 4689
MainlandTelegraph 0036
TaiwanTelegraph 0036
Xerox 243:272


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E45
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 久
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 久
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 久
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 久
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 久
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 久
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 久
Case Folding (cf) 久
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 久
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 久
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-3E43
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3557
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-D0E
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-4E79
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-443C
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4A3
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0165.060
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00118
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10033.030
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0081.190
kBigFive (kBigFive) A45B
kCangjie (kCangjie) NO
kCantonese (kCantonese) gau2
kCCCII (kCCCII) 21303B
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 47.102
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-443C
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-443C
kCowles (kCowles) 1575
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0165.060
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) long time (ago); time passage, grow late
kEACC (kEACC) 21303B
kFenn (kFenn) 430B
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 84.09
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 2780.0
kFrequency (kFrequency) 2
kGB0 (kGB0) 3035
kGB1 (kGB1) 3035
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 2
kGSR (kGSR) 0993a
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10033.030
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) jiǔ(467)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10033.030:jiǔ
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0027
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) HISASHII
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) KYUU KU
kJis0 (kJis0) 2155
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0081.190
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 401
kKorean (kKorean) KWU
kKPS0 (kKPS0) D0E0
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 4689
kLau (kLau) 865
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0036
kMandarin (kMandarin) jiǔ
kMatthews (kMatthews) 1188
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 1070
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00118
kNelson (kNelson) 0153
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 586 587
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1649+4.1.2
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 4.2
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 4.2
kSBGY (kSBGY) 322.17
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0036
kTang (kTang) *gioǔ gioǔ
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 3
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) cửu
kXerox (kXerox) 243:272
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0606.040:jiǔ
z Variant (kZVariant) 乆
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 久
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 久
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)