U+4E59 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as second; 2nd heavenly stem. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is y.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+4E59 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Radical 5 meaning "second" is one of six of the 214 Kangxi radicals that are composed of only one stroke. In the ancient Chinese cyclic character numeral system tiāngān, 乙 represents the second Celestial stem.

In the Kangxi Dictionary there are 42 characters (out of 40,000) to be found under this radical.


System Representation
UTF-8 E4 B9 99
UTF-16 4E 59
UTF-32 00 00 4E 59
URL-Quoted %E4%B9%99
HTML-Escape 乙
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 乙
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) EB E0
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B2 B5
Pīnyīn y
IRG_GSource G0-5252
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3235
IRG_KSource K0-6B60
IRG_TSource T1-4422
IRG_VSource V1-4A4
BigFive A441
CCCII 213046
CNS1986 1-4422
CNS1992 1-4422
EACC 213046
GB0 5050
GB1 5050
Jis0 1821
KSC0 7564
MainlandTelegraph 0044
TaiwanTelegraph 0044
Xerox 246:370

Related Characters

  • ⼄
  • ㆚


  • ⼄
  • ㇠


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E59
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 乙
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 乙
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 乙
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 乙
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 乙
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 乙
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 乙
Case Folding (cf) 乙
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 乙
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 乙
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-5252
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3235
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-FBF
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-6B60
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4422
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4A4
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0167.070
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00161
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10047.040
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0083.150
kBigFive (kBigFive) A441
kCangjie (kCangjie) NU
kCantonese (kCantonese) jyut3 jyut6
kCCCII (kCCCII) 213046
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 48.202
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4422
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4422
kCowles (kCowles) 4936
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0167.070
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) second; 2nd heavenly stem
kEACC (kEACC) 213046
kFenn (kFenn) 297E
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 217.03 222.07
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 1771.0
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 5050
kGB1 (kGB1) 5050
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 1
kGSR (kGSR) 0505a
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10047.040
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) yǐ(45)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10047.040:yǐ,yì,jué
kHDZRadBreak (kHDZRadBreak) ⼄[U+2F04]:10047.040
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0037
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) KINOTO OTO
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) OTSU
kJis0 (kJis0) 1821
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0083.150
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 176
kKorean (kKorean) UL
kKPS0 (kKPS0) FBF7
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 7564
kLau (kLau) 3568
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0044
kMandarin (kMandarin)
kMatthews (kMatthews) 3017
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 3677
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00161
kNelson (kNelson) 0260
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1535 1634
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1333+5.1.0
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 5.0
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 5.0
kSBGY (kSBGY) 472.31
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0044
kTang (kTang) qyit
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 1
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) ất
kXerox (kXerox) 246:370
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 1364.090:yǐ
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 乙
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 乙
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)