U+4ED9 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED9

U+4ED9 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as Taoist super-being, transcendent, immortal. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is xian.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+4ED9 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Xian (Chinese: 仙/仚/僊; pinyin: xiān; Wade–Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as:

  • "spiritually immortal; transcendent; super-human; celestial being" (in Daoist/Taoist philosophy and cosmology)
  • "physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint" (in Daoist religion and pantheon)
  • "alchemist; one who seeks the elixir of life; one who practices longevity techniques" or by extension "(alchemical, dietary, qigong) methods for attaining immortality" (in Chinese alchemy)
  • "wizard; magician; shaman" (in Chinese mythology)
  • "genie; elf, fairy; nymph" (in popular Chinese literature, 仙境 xian jing is "fairyland", Faerie)
  • "sage living high in the mountains; mountain-man; hermit; recluse" (folk etymology for the character 仙)
  • "immortal (talent); accomplished person; celestial (beauty); marvelous; extraordinary" (metaphorical modifier)

Xian semantically developed from meaning spiritual "immortality; enlightenment", to physical "immortality; longevity" involving methods such as alchemy, breath meditation, and T'ai chi ch'uan, and eventually to legendary and figurative "immortality".

The xian archetype is described by Victor H. Mair.

They are immune to heat and cold, untouched by the elements, and can fly, mounting upward with a fluttering motion. They dwell apart from the chaotic world of man, subsist on air and dew, are not anxious like ordinary people, and have the smooth skin and innocent faces of children. The transcendents live an effortless existence that is best described as spontaneous. They recall the ancient Indian ascetics and holy men known as ṛṣi who possessed similar traits.1994:376

According to the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism, Chinese xian (仙) can mean Sanskrit ṛṣi (rishi "inspired sage in the Vedas").

Representations

System Representation
20185
UTF-8 E4 BB 99
UTF-16 4E D9
UTF-32 00 00 4E D9
URL-Quoted %E4%BB%99
HTML-Escape 仙
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 仙
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E0 B9
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C0 E7
Pīnyīn xian
IRG_GSource G0-4F49
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4067
IRG_KPSource KP0-E2B
IRG_KSource K0-6039
IRG_TSource T1-4570
IRG_VSource V1-4A7
BigFive A550
CCCII 213076
CNS1986 1-4570
CNS1992 1-4570
EACC 213076
GB0 4741
GB1 4741
Jis0 3271
KPS0 E2B0
KSC0 6425
MainlandTelegraph 0103
TaiwanTelegraph 0103
Xerox 246:175

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED9
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 仙
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 仙
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 仙
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 仙
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 仙
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 仙
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 仙
Case Folding (cf) 仙
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 仙
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 仙
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-4F49
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4067
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-E2B
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-6039
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4570
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4A7
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0196.030
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00374
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10114.030
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0092.130
kBigFive (kBigFive) A550
kCangjie (kCangjie) OU
kCantonese (kCantonese) sin1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 213076
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 85.401
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4570
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4570
kCowles (kCowles) 3640
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0196.030
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) Taoist super-being, transcendent, immortal
kEACC (kEACC) 213076
kFenn (kFenn) 655E
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 177.04
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 2227.0
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 4741
kGB1 (kGB1) 4741
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 2
kGSR (kGSR) 0193f
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10114.030
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) xian(18) xiān(17)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10114.030:xiān,xiǎn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0086
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) SENNIN SENTO
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SEN
kJis0 (kJis0) 3271
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0092.130
kKorean (kKorean) SEN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) E2B0
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 6425
kLau (kLau) 2797
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0103
kMandarin (kMandarin) xiān
kMatthews (kMatthews) 2707
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 2804
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00374
kNelson (kNelson) 0359
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1103
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2699+9.2.3 C+2699+46.3.2
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 9.3
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 9.3
kSBGY (kSBGY) 136.43
Semantic Variant (kSemanticVariant) 僊
Specialized Semantic Variant (kSpecializedSemanticVariant) 僊
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0103
kTang (kTang) *siɛn siɛn
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 5
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) tiên
kXerox (kXerox) 246:175
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 1243.070:xiān
z Variant (kZVariant) 僊
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 仙
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 仙
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)