U+4FFA CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FFA

U+4FFA was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as personal pronoun, I. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is ǎn(122).

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+4FFA behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Japanese pronouns (or Japanese deictic classifiers) are words in the Japanese language which are used to address or refer to present people or things, where present means people or things that can be pointed at. This means that the position of things (far away, nearby) and their role in the current interaction (goods, addresser, addressee, bystander) are features of the meaning of these words. In contrast to present people and things, absent people and things can only be referred to by naming as in "Miyazaki", by instantiating a unary class as in "the house" (in a context where there is only one house) and by presenting things in relation to present, named and suigeneris people or things as in "I'm going home", "I'm going to Miyazaki's place", "I'm going to the mayor's place", "I'm going to my mother's place", "I'm going to my mother's friend's place". Functionally, deictic classifiers not only indicate that the referenced person or thing has a spatial position or an interactional role but also classify it to some extent. In addition, Japanese pronouns are restricted by a situation type (register): who is talking to whom, about what, and through which medium (spoken or written, staged or in private). In that sense, when a male is talking to his male friends, the pronoun set that is available to him is different from that which is available when a man of the same age talks to his wife and from that which is available when a woman talks back to her husband. These variations in pronoun availability is determined by the register.

In Linguistics, generativists and other structuralists suggest that the Japanese language does not have pronouns as such, since, unlike pronouns in most other languages that have them, these words are syntactically and morphologically identical to nouns. As functionalists point out, however, these words function as personal references, demonstratives, and reflexives, just as pronouns do in other languages.

Japanese has a great many pronouns, differing in use by formality, gender, age, and relative social status of speaker and audience. Further, pronouns are an open class, with existing nouns being used as new pronouns with some frequency. This is ongoing; a recent example is jibun (自分, self), which is now used by some young men as a casual first-person pronoun.

Pronouns are used less frequently in the Japanese language than in many other languages, mainly because there is no grammatical requirement to include the subject in a sentence. So, pronouns can seldom be translated from English to Japanese on a one-to-one basis.

The common English personal pronouns, such as "I", "you", and "they", have no other meanings. However, most Japanese personal pronouns do. Consider for example two words corresponding to the English pronoun "I": 私 (watashi) also means "private" or "personal" and 僕 (boku) also means "manservant".

Japanese words that refer to other people are part of the encompassing system of honorific speech, and should be understood within that context. Pronoun choice depends on the speaker's social status (as compared to the listener's), as well as the sentence's subjects and objects.

The first-person pronouns (e.g., watashi, 私) and second-person pronouns (e.g., anata, 貴方) are used in formal contexts. In many sentences, pronouns that mean "I" and "you" are omitted in Japanese when it is clear who the speaker is talking about.

When it is required to state the topic of the sentence for clarity, the particle wa (は) is used, but it is not required when the topic can be inferred from context. Also, there are frequently used verbs that can indicate the subject of the sentence in certain contexts: for example, kureru (くれる) means "give" in the sense that "somebody gives something to me or to somebody very close to me." Ageru (あげる) also means "give", but in the sense that "someone gives something to someone other than me." In sentences comprising a single adjective (often those ending in -shii), it is often assumed that the speaker is the subject. For example, the adjective sabishii (寂しい) can represent a complete sentence that means "I am lonely."

Thus, the first-person pronoun is usually only used when the speaker wants to put a special stress on the fact that he is referring to himself, or if it is necessary to make it clear. In some contexts, it may be considered uncouth to refer to the listener (second person) by a pronoun. If it is required to state the second person, the listener's surname, suffixed with -san or some other title (like "customer", "teacher", or "boss"), is generally used.

Gender differences in spoken Japanese also create another challenge, as men and women refer to themselves with different pronouns. Social standing also determines how people refer to themselves, as well as how they refer to other people.

Representations

System Representation
20474
UTF-8 E4 BF BA
UTF-16 4F FA
UTF-32 00 00 4F FA
URL-Quoted %E4%BF%BA
HTML-Escape 俺
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 俺
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E5 EF
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B2 B6
Pīnyīn ǎn(122)
IRG_GSource G0-3033
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3236
IRG_KPSource KP0-F8C
IRG_KSource K0-656F
IRG_TSource T1-5430
IRG_VSource V1-4B5
BigFive ADCD
CCCII 21317E
CNS1986 1-5430
CNS1992 1-5430
EACC 21317E
GB0 1619
GB1 1619
Jis0 1822
KPS0 F8C0
KSC0 6979
MainlandTelegraph 0219
TaiwanTelegraph 0219
Xerox 270:113

Elsewhere

Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FFA
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 俺
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 俺
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 俺
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 俺
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 俺
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 俺
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 俺
Case Folding (cf) 俺
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 俺
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 俺
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
InMC (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-3033
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3236
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-F8C
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-656F
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-5430
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4B5
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0227.040
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 00736
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10173.020
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0106.210
kBigFive (kBigFive) ADCD
kCangjie (kCangjie) OKLU
kCantonese (kCantonese) jim3
kCCCII (kCCCII) 21317E
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 111.403
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-5430
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-5430
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0227.040
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) personal pronoun, I
kEACC (kEACC) 21317E
kFenn (kFenn) 810F
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 3.04
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 2421.6
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB0 (kGB0) 1619
kGB1 (kGB1) 1619
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10173.020
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) ǎn(122)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10173.020:yàn,ǎn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0183
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) ORE
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) EN
kJis0 (kJis0) 1822
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0106.210
kKorean (kKorean) EM EP
kKPS0 (kKPS0) F8C0
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 6979
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0219
kMandarin (kMandarin) ǎn
kMatthews (kMatthews) 30
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 00736
kNelson (kNelson) 0472
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1562
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1334+9.2.8
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 9.8
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 9.8
kSBGY (kSBGY) 444.20 446.23
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0219
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 10
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) em
kXerox (kXerox) 270:113
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0008.130:ǎn
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 俺
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 俺
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)