Home: go to the homepage U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+5186
Source: Noto CJK

U+5186 CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​5186

U+5186 was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as yen. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is yuán.

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+5186 offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The yen (Japanese: , symbol: ¥; code: JPY) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third-most traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar and the euro. It is also widely used as a third reserve currency after the US dollar and the euro.

The New Currency Act of 1871 introduced Japan's modern currency system, with the yen defined as 1.5 g (0.048 troy ounces) of gold, or 24.26 g (0.780 troy ounces) of silver, and divided decimally into 100 sen or 1,000 rin. The yen replaced the previous Tokugawa coinage as well as the various hansatsu paper currencies issued by feudal han (fiefs). The Bank of Japan was founded in 1882 and given a monopoly on controlling the money supply.

Following World War II, the yen lost much of its prewar value. To stabilize the Japanese economy, the exchange rate of the yen was fixed at ¥360 per US$ as part of the Bretton Woods system. When that system was abandoned in 1971, the yen became undervalued and was allowed to float. The yen had appreciated to a peak of ¥271 per US$ in 1973, then underwent periods of depreciation and appreciation due to the 1973 oil crisis, arriving at a value of ¥227 per US$ by 1980.

Since 1973, the Japanese government has maintained a policy of currency intervention, so the yen is under a "dirty float" regime. The Japanese government focused on a competitive export market, and tried to ensure a low exchange rate for the yen through a trade surplus. The Plaza Accord of 1985 temporarily changed this situation; the exchange rate fell from its average of ¥239 per dollar in 1985 to ¥128 in 1988 and led to a peak rate of ¥80 against the US$ in 1995, effectively increasing the value of Japan's GDP in dollar terms to almost that of the United States.

Since that time, however, the world price of the yen has greatly decreased, falling to an average of almost ¥150 per dollar in November 2023 (before recovering a little). The Bank of Japan maintains a policy of zero to near-zero interest rates and the Japanese government has previously had a strict anti-inflation policy. From late 2021 to late 2023, the yen depreciated against the dollar by about 40%, giving rise to serious concern in Japan about long-term prospects for the currency. However, this weakness has had some benefits for Japan's tourism industry, as the low exchange rate makes its purchasing power attractive for travellers, particularly those from foreign nations.


System Representation
UTF-8 E5 86 86
UTF-16 51 86
UTF-32 00 00 51 86
URL-Quoted %E5%86%86
HTML hex reference 円
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 円
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E5 F7
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B1 DF
Pīnyīn yuán


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5186
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+5186 CJK Unified Ideograph-5186
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping (kCNS1986) E-214E
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping (kCNS1992) 3-214E
Cangjie Input Code (kCangjie) BY
kCantonese (kCantonese) jyun4
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0289.170
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) yen
kEACC (kEACC) 4B3772
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 7722.0
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10096.180
kHangul (kHangul) 엔:0N
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10096.180:yuán
kIICore (kIICore) AJKP
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0289.170
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10096.180
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0128.351
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) GE-3169
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) H-89DD
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-315F
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-FDA5
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-6577
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T3-214E
kJapanese (kJapanese) エン まるい まる まどか
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) MARUI MARU
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) EN
kJis0 (kJis0) 1763
kJoyoKanji (kJoyoKanji) 2010
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0128.351
kKorean (kKorean) WEN YEYN
kKoreanName (kKoreanName) 2015
kMandarin (kMandarin) yuán
kMojiJoho (kMojiJoho) MJ007305
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 01513
kNelson (kNelson) 0617
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1570
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1281+13.2.2
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 13.2
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 4
UnihanCore2020 Set (kUnihanCore2020) HJKP