U+52C9 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as endeavor, make effort; urge. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is mi.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+52C9 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E5 8B 89
UTF-16 52 C9
UTF-32 00 00 52 C9
URL-Quoted %E5%8B%89
HTML-Escape 勉
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 勉
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) D8 F5
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) CA D9
Pīnyīn mi
IRG_GSource G0-4363
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4A59
IRG_KSource K0-5875
IRG_TSource T1-502E
IRG_VSource V1-4D4
BigFive AB6A
CCCII 213430
CNS1986 1-502E
CNS1992 1-502E
EACC 213430
GB0 3567
GB1 3567
Jis0 4257
KSC0 5685
MainlandTelegraph 0517
TaiwanTelegraph 0517
Xerox 251:076

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52C9
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 勉
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 勉
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 勉
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 勉
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 勉
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 勉
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 勉
Case Folding (cf) 勉
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 勉
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 勉
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-4363
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4A59
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-DAE
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-5875
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-502E
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-4D4
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0333.020
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 02384'
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 10372.030
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0147.370
kBigFive (kBigFive) AB6A
kCangjie (kCangjie) NUKS
kCantonese (kCantonese) min5
kCCCII (kCCCII) 213430
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 195.501
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-502E
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-502E
kCowles (kCowles) 2682
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0333.020
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) endeavor, make effort; urge
kEACC (kEACC) 213430
kFenn (kFenn) 384B
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 342.02
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 2421.2
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 3567
kGB1 (kGB1) 3567
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 4
kGSR (kGSR) 0222c
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 10372.030
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) miǎn(37)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 10372.030:miǎn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0386
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) TSUTOMERU
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) BEN
kJis0 (kJis0) 4257
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0147.370
kKorean (kKorean) MYEN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) DAE4
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 5685
kLau (kLau) 2139
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 0517
kMandarin (kMandarin) miǎn
kMatthews (kMatthews) 4495
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 1824
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 02384'
kNelson (kNelson) 0214 0228 0684
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 899
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+3625+19.2.8
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 19.7
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 19.7
kSBGY (kSBGY) 295.02
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 0517
kTang (kTang) myɛ̌n
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 9
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) miễn
kXerox (kXerox) 251:076
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0786.040:miǎn
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 勉
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 勉
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)