U+59A8 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as interfere with, impede, obstruct. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is f.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+59A8 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E5 A6 A8
UTF-16 59 A8
UTF-32 00 00 59 A8
URL-Quoted %E5%A6%A8
HTML-Escape 妨
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 妨
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) DB AA
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) CB B8
Pīnyīn f
IRG_GSource G0-3741
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4B38
IRG_KSource K0-5B2A
IRG_TSource T1-496B
BigFive A7AB
CCCII 21394C
CNS1986 1-496B
CNS1992 1-496B
EACC 21394C
GB0 2333
GB1 2333
Jis0 4324
KSC0 5910
MainlandTelegraph 1186
TaiwanTelegraph 1186
Xerox 250:305


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59A8
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 妨
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 妨
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 妨
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 妨
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 妨
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 妨
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 妨
Case Folding (cf) 妨
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 妨
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 妨
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-3741
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4B38
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-DDB
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-5B2A
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-496B
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0522.040
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 06111
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 21033.040
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0257.100
kBigFive (kBigFive) A7AB
kCangjie (kCangjie) VYHS
kCantonese (kCantonese) fong4
kCCCII (kCCCII) 21394C
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 380.307
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-496B
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-496B
kCowles (kCowles) 784
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0522.040
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) interfere with, impede, obstruct
kEACC (kEACC) 21394C
kFenn (kFenn) 261D
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 131.03
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 4042.7
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 2333
kGB1 (kGB1) 2333
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 5
kGSR (kGSR) 0740q
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 21033.040
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) fáng(22) fāng(13)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 21033.040:fáng
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 0875
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) SAMATAGERU
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) BOU
kJis0 (kJis0) 4324
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0257.100
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 25
kKorean (kKorean) PANG
kKPS0 (kKPS0) DDB2
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 5910
kLau (kLau) 721
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 1186
kMandarin (kMandarin) fáng
kMatthews (kMatthews) 1804
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 529
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 06111
kNelson (kNelson) 1196
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 373
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+3686+38.3.4 C+3686+70.4.3
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 38.4
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 38.4
kSBGY (kSBGY) 178.05 426.27
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 1186
kTang (kTang) piɑng piɑ̀ng
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 7
kXerox (kXerox) 250:305
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0307.060:fāng 0309.010:fáng
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 妨
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 妨
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)