U+69CD was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as spear, lance; gun, rifle. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is qi.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+69CD behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Qiang (simplified Chinese: 枪; traditional Chinese: 槍; pinyin: qiāng) is the Chinese term for spear. Due to its relative ease of manufacture, the spear in many variations was ubiquitous on the pre-modern Chinese battlefield. It is known as one of the four major weapons, along with the Gun (staff), Dao (sabre), and the Jian (sword), called in this group "The King of Weapons".

Common features of the Chinese spear are the leaf shaped blade and red horse-hair tassel lashed just below. The tassel shows elite troop status. It also serves a tactical purpose. When the spear is moving quickly, the addition of the tassel aids in blurring the vision of the opponent so that it is more difficult for them to grab the shaft of spear behind the head or tip. The tassel also served another purpose, to stop the flow of blood from the blade getting to the wooden shaft (the blood would make it slippery, or sticky when dried).

The length varied from around 9 feet long, increasing up to 21 feet. According to general Qi Jiguang, the Ming military categorized spears above 9 feet as short spears, 14 feet as long spears, and spears below 9 feet as spiked staffs, which were used more for hitting than stabbing. Spears used in war are typically made of hard wood. Martial arts (wushu) spears are typically made of wax wood, a lighter and more flexible wood better suited for performance; these are called flower spears.

Many Chinese martial arts feature spear training in their curriculum. The conditioning provided by spear technique is seen as invaluable and in many styles it is the first weapons training introduced to students. Moreover, some schools of empty handed fighting in China credit spear technique as their foundation, notably Xingyiquan and Bajiquan.


System Representation
UTF-8 E6 A7 8D
UTF-16 69 CD
UTF-32 00 00 69 CD
URL-Quoted %E6%A7%8D
HTML-Escape 槍
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 槍
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) F3 E6
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C1 E4
Pīnyīn qi
IRG_GSource G1-4739
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4164
IRG_KSource K0-7366
IRG_TSource T1-6933
IRG_VSource V1-5A5
BigFive BA6A
CCCII 214540
CNS1986 1-6933
CNS1992 1-6933
EACC 214540
GB1 3925
Jis0 3368
KSC0 8370
TaiwanTelegraph 2847
Xerox 245:347


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 槍
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 槍
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 槍
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 槍
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 槍
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 槍
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 槍
Case Folding (cf) 槍
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 槍
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 槍
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) ATJ
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-4739
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4164
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-ECE
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-7366
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-6933
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-5A5
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0934.010
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 15319
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 21266.050
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0546.090
kBigFive (kBigFive) BA6A
kCangjie (kCangjie) DOIR
kCantonese (kCantonese) coeng1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 214540
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 713.502
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-6933
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-6933
kCowles (kCowles) 4735
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0934.010
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) spear, lance; gun, rifle
kEACC (kEACC) 214540
kFenn (kFenn) 679F
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 46.06
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 4896.7
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB1 (kGB1) 3925
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 2
kGSR (kGSR) 0703i
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 21266.050
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) qiāng(386)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 21266.050:qiāng,chēng,qiǎng
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 1984
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) YARI
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SOU SHOU
kJis0 (kJis0) 3368
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0546.090
kKorean (kKorean) CHANG CAYNG
kKPS0 (kKPS0) ECE9
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 8370
kLau (kLau) 259
kMandarin (kMandarin) qiāng
kMatthews (kMatthews) 680
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 3333
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 15319
kNelson (kNelson) 2342
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 254
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2790+75.4.10
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 75.10
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 75.10
kSBGY (kSBGY) 176.46 185.24
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 枪
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 2847
kTang (kTang) tsiɑng
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 14
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) thương
kXerox (kXerox) 245:347
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0916.101:qiāng
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 槍
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 槍
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)