Home: go to the homepage U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+69CD
Source: Noto CJK

U+69CD CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​69CD

U+69CD was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as spear, lance; gun, rifle. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is qiāng.

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+69CD offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Qiang (pronunciation: [tɕʰjáŋ], English approximation: chyahng, simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: qiāng; Jyutping: coeng1) is the Chinese term for spear. Due to its relative ease of manufacture, the spear in many variations was ubiquitous on the pre-modern Chinese battlefield. It is known as one of the four major weapons, along with the gun (staff), dao (sabre), and the jian (straight sword), called in this group "The King of Weapons".

Common features of the Chinese spear are the leaf-shaped blade and red horse-hair tassel lashed just below. The tassel shows elite troop status. It also serves a tactical purpose. When the spear is moving quickly, the addition of the tassel aids in blurring the vision of the opponent so that it is more difficult for them to grab the shaft of spear behind the head or tip. The tassel also served another purpose, to stop the flow of blood from the blade getting to the wooden shaft (the blood would make it slippery, or sticky when dried).

The length varied from around 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) long, up to 6 m (20 ft) in length. According to general Qi Jiguang, the Ming military categorized spears above 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) as short spears, 4 m (13 ft) as long spears, and spears below 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) as spiked staffs, which were used more for hitting than stabbing. Spears used in war are typically made of hardwood. Martial arts (wushu) spears are typically made of wax wood, a lighter and more flexible wood better suited for performance; these are called flower spears.

Many Chinese martial arts feature spear training in their curriculum. The conditioning provided by the spear technique is seen as invaluable and in many styles, it is the first weapons training introduced to students. Moreover, some schools of empty-handed fighting in China credit the spear technique as their foundation, notably Xingyiquan and Bajiquan.


System Representation
UTF-8 E6 A7 8D
UTF-16 69 CD
UTF-32 00 00 69 CD
URL-Quoted %E6%A7%8D
HTML hex reference 槍
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 槍
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) F3 E6
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C1 E4
Pīnyīn qiāng


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+69CD CJK Unified Ideograph-69CD
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U
Big Five Mapping (kBigFive) BA6A
CCCII Mapping (kCCCII) 214540
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping (kCNS1986) 1-6933
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping (kCNS1992) 1-6933
Cangjie Input Code (kCangjie) DOIR
kCantonese (kCantonese) coeng1
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 713.502
kCowles (kCowles) 4735
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 0934.010
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) spear, lance; gun, rifle
kEACC (kEACC) 214540
kFenn (kFenn) 679F
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 46.06
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 4896.7
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB1 (kGB1) 3925
kGSR (kGSR) 0703i
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 2
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 1984
kHanYu (kHanYu) 21266.050
kHangul (kHangul) 창:0N
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) qiāng(386)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 21266.050:qiāng,chēng,qiǎng
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 0934.010
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 21266.050
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0546.090
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-4739
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-BA6A
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4164
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-ECE9
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-7366
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-6933
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-5A50
kJapanese (kJapanese) ソウ ショウ やり
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) YARI
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SOU SHOU
kJinmeiyoKanji (kJinmeiyoKanji) 2010
kJis0 (kJis0) 3368
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0546.090
kKorean (kKorean) CHANG CAYNG
kKoreanName (kKoreanName) 2015
kLau (kLau) 259
kMandarin (kMandarin) qiāng
kMatthews (kMatthews) 680
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 3333
kMojiJoho (kMojiJoho) MJ014342
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 15319
kNelson (kNelson) 2342
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 254
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2790+75.4.10
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 75.10
kSBGY (kSBGY) 176.46 185.24
kSMSZD2003Index (kSMSZD2003Index) 329.01
kSMSZD2003Readings (kSMSZD2003Readings) qiāng粵coeng1
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) Glyph for U+67AA U+67AA
Taiwanese Telegraph Code (kTaiwanTelegraph) 2847
kTang (kTang) tsiɑng
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 14
UnihanCore2020 Set (kUnihanCore2020) HJKMPT
Quốc ngữ Pronunciation (kVietnamese) thương
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0916.101:qiāng
Xerox Code (kXerox) 245:347