Home U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+6CAA
Source: Noto CJK

U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​6CAA

U+6CAA was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as Shanghai; river near Shanghai. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+6CAA behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Shanghai (; Chinese: 上海, Shanghainese: Zaon6he5 [zɑ̃̀.hɛ́] (listen), Standard Mandarin pronunciation: [ʂâŋ.xàɪ] (listen)) is one of the four direct-administered municipalities of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The city is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze River, with the Huangpu River flowing through it. With a population of 24.89 million as of 2021, Shanghai is the most populous urban area in China with 39,300,000 inhabitants living in the Shanghai metropolitan area, the most populous city proper in the world and the only city in East Asia with a GDP greater than its corresponding capital. As of 2018, the Greater Shanghai metropolitan area was estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (nominal) of nearly 9.1 trillion RMB ($1.33 trillion), exceeding that of Mexico with GDP of $1.22 trillion, the 15th largest in the world. Shanghai is one of the world's major centers for finance, business and economics, research, education, science and technology, manufacturing, tourism, culture, dining, art, fashion, sports, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port. In 2019, the Shanghai Pudong International Airport was one of the world's 10 busiest airports by passenger traffic, and one of the two international airports serving the Shanghai metropolitan area, the other one being the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport.

Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to both domestic and foreign trade and its favorable port location. The city was one of five treaty ports forced to open to European trade after the First Opium War. The Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession were subsequently established. The city then flourished, becoming a primary commercial and financial hub of Asia in the 1930s. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the site of the major Battle of Shanghai. After the war, with the communists takeover of the mainland in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries and the city's global influence declined. Despite this, modern trade in the newly-established PRC began in the late 1940s/early 1950s, and Shanghai officially became one of the biggest and most important cities among socialist states before the economic reform in 1978.

By the 1990s, economic reforms introduced by Deng Xiaoping a decade earlier resulted in an intense redevelopment of the city, especially the Pudong New Area, aiding the return of finance and foreign investment. The city has since re-emerged as a hub for international trade and finance; it is the home of the Shanghai Stock Exchange, one of the largest stock exchanges in the world by market capitalization and the Shanghai Free-Trade Zone, the first free-trade zone in mainland China. As of 2020, Shanghai was classified as an Alpha+ (global first-tier) city by the GaWC and ranked as having the 3rd most competitive and largest financial center in the world behind New York City and London. It has the largest metro network of any city in the world, the fifth-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world, the fifth-largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world, the fifth-most Fortune Global 500 headquarters of any city in the world within its city limits, the fifth-largest scientific research output of any city in the world, and highly ranked educational institutions including Fudan, Shanghai Jiao Tong, Tongji, East China Normal, Shanghai, Donghua, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, East China University of Science and Technology, and University of Shanghai for Science and Technology.

Shanghai has been described as the "showpiece" of the booming economy of China. Featuring several architectural styles such as Art Deco and shikumen, the city is renowned for its Lujiazui skyline, museums and historic buildings including the City God Temple, Yu Garden, the China Pavilion and buildings along the Bund, which includes Oriental Pearl TV Tower. Shanghai is also known for its sugary cuisine, distinctive local language and vibrant international flair. As an important international city, Shanghai is the seat of the New Development Bank, a multilateral development bank established by the BRICS states and the city hosts more than 75 foreign representatives, the second highest after Beijing and numerous national and international events every year, such as Shanghai Fashion Week, the Chinese Grand Prix and ChinaJoy. Shanghai is the highest earning tourist city in the world, with the seventh most five-star hotels in the world, and the third tallest building in the world, the Shanghai Tower. In 2018, Shanghai hosted the first China International Import Expo (CIIE), the world's first import-themed national-level expo. Shanghai joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2019.


System Representation
UTF-8 E6 B2 AA
UTF-16 6C AA
UTF-32 00 00 6C AA
URL-Quoted %E6%B2%AA
HTML hex reference 沪
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 沪


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category Other Letter
Script Han
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Case Folding Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Other
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Wide
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Ideographic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation U
CCCII Mapping 27484F
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping E-265B
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping 3-265B
Cangjie Input Code EIS
kCantonese wu6
kCihaiT 773.507
Unihan Definition Shanghai; river near Shanghai
kEACC 27484F
kFourCornerCode 3310
kGB0 2706
kHanYu 31572.060
kIICore AG
kIRGHanyuDaZidian 31572.060
kIRGKangXi 0612.121
kIRG_GSource G0-3B26
kIRG_HSource H-8DD5
kIRG_JSource J3-7653
kIRG_KPSource KP1-50C1
kIRG_TSource T3-265B
kJIS0213 1,86,51
kKPS1 50C1
kKangXi 0612.121
kMainlandTelegraph 3337
kPhonetic 1462A
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) C+14153+63.4.3 C+14153+85.3.4 V+14152+63.4.3 V+14152+85.3.4 V+20155+63.4.3 V+20155+85.3.4
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) 85.4
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) 85.4
Semantic Variant Glyph for U+51B1 U+51B1
Simplified Variant Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA
kTGH 2013:869
kTGHZ2013 141.190:hù
Stroke Number 7
Traditional Variant Glyph for U+6CAA CJK Unified Ideograph-6CAA Glyph for U+6EEC U+6EEC
UnihanCore2020 Set GH
kXHC1983 0476.050:hù