U+7149 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as smelt, refine; distill, condense. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is li.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+7149 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 85 89
UTF-16 71 49
UTF-32 00 00 71 49
URL-Quoted %E7%85%89
HTML-Escape 煉
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 煉
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) D6 A1
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) CE FB
Pīnyīn li
IRG_GSource G1-4136
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-4E7B
IRG_KPSource KP0-D8A
IRG_KSource K0-5621
IRG_TSource T1-6478
IRG_VSource V1-5E2
BigFive B7D2
CCCII 21496A
CNS1986 1-6478
CNS1992 1-6478
EACC 21496A
GB1 3322
Jis0 4691
KSC0 5401
TaiwanTelegraph 3550
Xerox 254:356

Related Characters

  • 煉


  • 煉


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7149
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 煉
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 煉
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 煉
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 煉
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 煉
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 煉
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 煉
Case Folding (cf) 煉
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 煉
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 煉
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) ATJ
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-4136
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4E7B
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-D8A
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-5621
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-6478
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-5E2
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1087.090
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 19178
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 32215.110
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0676.040
kBigFive (kBigFive) B7D2
kCangjie (kCangjie) FDWF
kCantonese (kCantonese) lin6
kCCCII (kCCCII) 21496A
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 855.103
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-6478
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-6478
kCowles (kCowles) 2356
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1087.090
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) smelt, refine; distill, condense
kEACC (kEACC) 21496A
kFenn (kFenn) 505D
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 308.04
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 9589.6
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB1 (kGB1) 3322
kHangul (kHangul) 련 연
kHanYu (kHanYu) 32215.110
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) liàn(256)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 32215.110:liàn,làn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 2404
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) NERU
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) REN
kJis0 (kJis0) 4691
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0676.040
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 372
kKorean (kKorean) LYEN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) D8A8
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 5401
kLau (kLau) 1890
kMandarin (kMandarin) liàn
kMatthews (kMatthews) 4019
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 1572
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 19178
kNelson (kNelson) 2783
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 549
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+4035+86.4.8
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 86.9
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 86.9
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 炼
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 3550
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 13
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) luyện
kXerox (kXerox) 254:356
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0705.031:liàn
z Variant (kZVariant) 煉
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 煉
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 煉
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)