U+78B3 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as carbon. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is t.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+78B3 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A2 B3
UTF-16 78 B3
UTF-32 00 00 78 B3
URL-Quoted %E7%A2%B3
HTML-Escape 碳
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 碳
Pīnyīn t
IRG_GSource G0-4C3C
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J1-4F7E
IRG_KSource K2-4D2E
IRG_TSource T1-6979
BigFive BAD2
CCCII 214E47
CNS1986 1-6979
CNS1992 1-6979
EACC 214E47
GB0 4428
GB1 4428
Jis1 4794
MainlandTelegraph 8955
TaiwanTelegraph 9705
Xerox 254:366


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78B3
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 碳
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 碳
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 碳
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 碳
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 碳
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 碳
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 碳
Case Folding (cf) 碳
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 碳
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 碳
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-4C3C
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J1-4F7E
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K2-4D2E
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-6979
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 24363
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42443.100
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0833.291
kBigFive (kBigFive) BAD2
kCangjie (kCangjie) MRUMF
kCantonese (kCantonese) taan3
kCCCII (kCCCII) 214E47
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 970.604
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-6979
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-6979
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) carbon
kEACC (kEACC) 214E47
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 1268.9
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB0 (kGB0) 4428
kGB1 (kGB1) 4428
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42443.100
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) tàn(55)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42443.100:tàn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 2832
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) TAN
kJis1 (kJis1) 4794
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0833.291
kLau (kLau) 3012
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 8955
kMandarin (kMandarin) tàn
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24363
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1300
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+19608+112.5.9
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 112.9
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 112.9
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 9705
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 14
kXerox (kXerox) 254:366
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 1116.030:tàn
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 碳
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 碳
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)