U+78E0 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as sal ammoniac; sand; pebble. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+78E0 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A3 A0
UTF-16 78 E0
UTF-32 00 00 78 E0
URL-Quoted %E7%A3%A0
HTML-Escape 磠
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 磠
IRG_GSource G3-577E
IRG_HSource HB2-
IRG_JSource J4-7254
IRG_KPSource KP1-609
IRG_KSource K1-5C51
IRG_TSource T2-5877
BigFive EAAD
CCCII 226573
CNS1986 2-5877
CNS1992 2-5877
EACC 226573
GB3 5594
JIS0213 2,82,52
Jis1 4816
KPS1 609D
KSC1 6049
TaiwanTelegraph 8887
Xerox 312:340


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78E0
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 磠
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 磠
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 磠
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 磠
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 磠
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 磠
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 磠
Case Folding (cf) 磠
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 磠
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 磠
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G3-577E
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB2-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J4-7254
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP1-609
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K1-5C51
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T2-5877
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1252.270
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 24431
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42452.140
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0835.200
kBigFive (kBigFive) EAAD
kCangjie (kCangjie) MRYWI
kCantonese (kCantonese) lou5
kCCCII (kCCCII) 226573
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 973.603
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 2-5877
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 2-5877
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1252.270
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) sal ammoniac; sand; pebble
kEACC (kEACC) 226573
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 1166.0
kGB3 (kGB3) 5594
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42452.140
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42452.140:lǔ
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) SUNA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) RO
kJIS0213 (kJIS0213) 2,82,52
kJis1 (kJis1) 4816
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0835.200
kKorean (kKorean) NYO
kKPS1 (kKPS1) 609D
kKSC1 (kKSC1) 6049
kMandarin (kMandarin)
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24431
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 822
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+14898+112.5.11
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 112.11
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 112.11
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 硵
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 8887
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 16
kXerox (kXerox) 312:340
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 磠
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 磠
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)