U+78E3 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as gritty. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is chěn.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+78E3 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A3 A3
UTF-16 78 E3
UTF-32 00 00 78 E3
URL-Quoted %E7%A3%A3
HTML-Escape 磣
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 磣
Pīnyīn chěn
IRG_GSource G1-6D57
IRG_HSource HB2-
IRG_KPSource KP1-60A
IRG_KSource K2-4D43
IRG_TSource T2-5871
BigFive EAA7
CCCII 226577
CNS1986 2-5871
CNS1992 2-5871
EACC 226577
GB1 7755
KPS1 60A5
Xerox 320:324


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78E3
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 磣
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 磣
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 磣
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 磣
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 磣
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 磣
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 磣
Case Folding (cf) 磣
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 磣
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 磣
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-6D57
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB2-
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP1-60A
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K2-4D43
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T2-5871
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1252.310
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 24438
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42455.010
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0835.270
kBigFive (kBigFive) EAA7
kCangjie (kCangjie) MRIIH
kCantonese (kCantonese) cam2
kCCCII (kCCCII) 226577
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 973.307
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 2-5871
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 2-5871
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1252.310
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) gritty
kEACC (kEACC) 226577
kFenn (kFenn) 282B
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 26.14
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 1362.2
kGB1 (kGB1) 7755
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42455.010
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42455.010:chěn,cà
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0835.270
kKPS1 (kKPS1) 60A5
kMandarin (kMandarin) chěn
kMatthews (kMatthews) 334
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24438
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 23
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 112.11
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 112.11
kSBGY (kSBGY) 329.24
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 碜
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 16
kXerox (kXerox) 320:324
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0133.031:chěn
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 磣
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 磣
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)