Home: go to the homepage U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+7985
Source: Noto CJK

U+7985 CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​7985

U+7985 was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as meditation, contemplation. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is chán.

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+7985 offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Zen (Japanese; from Chinese Chán; in Korea Seon, Vietnam Thiền) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as the Chan School (Chánzong 禪宗, "meditation school") or the Buddha-mind school (foxin zong)", and later developed into various sub-schools and branches. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam and became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea to become Seon Buddhism, and east to Japan, becoming Japanese Zen.

The term Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (chán), an abbreviation of 禪那 (chánnà), which is a Chinese transliteration of the Sanskrit word ध्यान dhyāna ("meditation"). Zen emphasizes rigorous self-restraint, meditation-practice and insight (見性, Ch. jiànxìng, Jp. kensho), "perceiving the true nature" of oneself as Buddha-mind (bodhicitta and Buddha-nature), and the personal expression of this insight in daily life for the benefit of others. As such, it de-emphasizes knowledge alone of sutras and doctrine, and favors direct understanding through spiritual practice and interaction with an accomplished teacher or Master.

Zen teaching draws from numerous sources of Sarvastivada meditation practice and Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogachara, the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras, the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, and the Huayan school, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature, as well as Madhyamaka thought, have also been influential in the shaping of the apophatic and sometimes iconoclastic nature of Zen rhetoric.

Furthermore, the Chan School was also influenced by Taoist philosophy, especially Neo-Daoist thought.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A6 85
UTF-16 79 85
UTF-32 00 00 79 85
URL-Quoted %E7%A6%85
HTML hex reference 禅
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 禅
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C1 B5
Pīnyīn chán


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7985
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+7985 CJK Unified Ideograph-7985
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U
CCCII Mapping (kCCCII) 274E7B
Cangjie Input Code (kCangjie) IFCWJ
kCantonese (kCantonese) sim4
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1265.080
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) meditation, contemplation
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 3925.6 3225.6
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB0 (kGB0) 7688
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42402.070
kIICore (kIICore) AGJ
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1265.080
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42402.070
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0844.171
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-6C78
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4135
kJapanese (kJapanese) ゼン セン ゆずる
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) YUZURU SHIZUKA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) ZEN
kJis0 (kJis0) 3321
kJoyoKanji (kJoyoKanji) 2010
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0844.171
kKorean (kKorean) SEN
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 4407
kMandarin (kMandarin) chán
kMojiJoho (kMojiJoho) MJ018881 MJ018881:E0101 MJ018880:E0102
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24787' 24787':E0101 24754:E0102
kNelson (kNelson) 3255
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2743+113.4.9
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 113.8
kSMSZD2003Index (kSMSZD2003Index) 481.02
kTGH (kTGH) 2013:2793
kTGHZ2013 (kTGHZ2013) 036.180:chán 325.060:shàn
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 12
Traditional Variant (kTraditionalVariant) Glyph for U+79AA U+79AA
UnihanCore2020 Set (kUnihanCore2020) GJ
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0117.110:chán 0999.100:shàn