Home U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+798F
Source: Noto CJK

U+798F CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​798F

U+798F was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as happiness, good fortune, blessing. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is .

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 2 other glyphs. In text U+798F behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

The character (福, Unicode U+798F) meaning "fortune" or "good luck" is represented both as a Chinese ideograph and, at times, pictorially, in one of its homophonous forms. It is often found on a figurine of the male god of the same name, one of the trio of "star gods" Fú, Lù, Shòu.

Mounted are a widespread Chinese tradition associated with Chinese New Year and can be seen on the entrances of many Chinese homes worldwide. The characters are generally printed on a square piece of paper or stitched in fabric. The practice is universal among Chinese people regardless of socioeconomic status, and dates to at least the Song Dynasty (AD 960 – 1279).

When displayed as a Chinese ideograph, is often displayed upside-down on diagonal red squares. The reasoning is based on a wordplay: in nearly all varieties of Chinese, the words for "upside-down" (倒, Pinyin: dào) and "to arrive" (到, Pinyin: dào) are homophonous. Therefore, the phrase an "upside-down " sounds nearly identical to the phrase "Good luck arrives". Pasting the character upside-down on a door or doorpost thus translates into a wish for prosperity to descend upon a dwelling.

Another story states that posting the character upside-down originates with the family of a 19th-century prince of the Qing Dynasty. The story states that on one Chinese New Year's Eve (or Chuxi, Chinese: 除夕), the prince's servants played a practical joke by pasting fu characters throughout his royal dwelling. One illiterate servant inadvertently placed the characters upside-down. The prince was said to have been furious upon seeing the characters, but a quick-thinking servant humbly calmed the prince by saying that the occurrence must have been a sign of prosperity "arriving" upon his household by using the above wordplay.

Bats (蝠) are the most ubiquitous of all Chinese symbols with the same symbolic meaning as the ideograph "fortune" (福). A less common representation is bran (麩子), not only because "depictions of grain have been used throughout Chinese history to represent fecundity" but also in combination with other grains with related homophonous word-plays (for example, which can mean either "grain" 粒 or "profit" 利).

Usage of the character (福) in various forms of calligraphy and seal characters as papercuts or posters represents the desire that one's good luck will be expansive and come in many forms. Chinese textiles and ceramics often found transcribe this felicitous message by portraying random numbers of bats in flight, sometimes can be more than a hundred.

Since 2017, the version 10 of the Unicode Standard features a rounded version of the character in the "Enclosed Ideographic Supplement" block, at code point U+1F260 (ROUNDED SYMBOL FOR FU).


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A6 8F
UTF-16 79 8F
UTF-32 00 00 79 8F
URL-Quoted %E7%A6%8F
HTML-Escape 福
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 福
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) DC D8
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) CA A1

Related Characters



Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category Other Letter
Script Han
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Case Folding Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Other
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Wide
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Ideographic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+798F CJK Unified Ideograph-798F
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation U
Big Five Mapping BAD6
CCCII Mapping 214E76
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping 1-697D
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping 1-697D
Cangjie Input Code IFMRW
kCantonese fuk1
kCowles 867
kDaeJaweon 1265.230
Unihan Definition happiness, good fortune, blessing
kEACC 214E76
kFenn 816B
kFennIndex 140.11
kFourCornerCode 3126.6
kFrequency 3
kGB0 2403
kGB1 2403
kGSR 0933d
kGradeLevel 3
kHKGlyph 2881
kHanYu 42404.030 42405.070
kHangul 복:0E
kHanyuPinlu fú(199)
kHanyuPinyin 42404.030:fú,fù
kIRGDaeJaweon 1265.230
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten 24768'
kIRGHanyuDaZidian 42404.030
kIRGKangXi 0845.020
kIRG_GSource G0-3823
kIRG_HSource HB1-BAD6
kIRG_JSource J0-4A21
kIRG_KPSource KP0-DEC3
kIRG_KSource K0-5C58
kIRG_TSource T1-697D
kIRG_VSource V1-6128
kJapaneseOn FUKU
kJis0 4201
kJoyoKanji 2010
kKSC0 6056
kKangXi 0845.020
kKarlgren 52
kKorean POK
kKoreanEducationHanja 2007
kLau 755
kMainlandTelegraph 4395
kMatthews 1978
kMeyerWempe 586
kMorohashi 24768'
kNelson 3256
kPhonetic 398
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) C+3569+113.4.9
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) 113.9
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) 113.9
kSBGY 453.04
kTGH 2013:3033
kTGHZ2013 101.110:fú
Taiwanese Telegraph Code 4395
kTang biuk
Stroke Number 13
UnihanCore2020 Set GHJKMPT
Quốc ngữ Pronunciation phúc
kXHC1983 0335.030:fú
Xerox Code 244:044