Home: go to the homepage U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+79AA
Source: Noto CJK

U+79AA CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​79AA

U+79AA was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as meditation, contemplation (dhyana); to level ground for altar; abdicate. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is chán.

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+79AA offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Zen (Japanese; from Chinese Chán; in Korea Seon, Vietnam Thiền) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty as the Chan School (Chánzong 禪宗, "meditation school") or the Buddha-mind school (foxin zong)", and later developed into various sub-schools and branches. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam and became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea to become Seon Buddhism, and east to Japan, becoming Japanese Zen.

The term Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (chán), an abbreviation of 禪那 (chánnà), which is a Chinese transliteration of the Sanskrit word ध्यान dhyāna ("meditation"). Zen emphasizes rigorous self-restraint, meditation-practice and insight (見性, Ch. jiànxìng, Jp. kensho), "perceiving the true nature" of oneself as Buddha-mind (bodhicitta and Buddha-nature), and the personal expression of this insight in daily life for the benefit of others. As such, it de-emphasizes knowledge alone of sutras and doctrine, and favors direct understanding through spiritual practice and interaction with an accomplished teacher or Master.

Zen teaching draws from numerous sources of Sarvastivada meditation practice and Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogachara, the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras, the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, and the Huayan school, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature, as well as Madhyamaka thought, have also been influential in the shaping of the apophatic and sometimes iconoclastic nature of Zen rhetoric.

Furthermore, the Chan School was also influenced by Taoist philosophy, especially Neo-Daoist thought.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A6 AA
UTF-16 79 AA
UTF-32 00 00 79 AA
URL-Quoted %E7%A6%AA
HTML hex reference 禪
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 禪
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E0 C9
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) E3 B8
Pīnyīn chán


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U
Big Five Mapping (kBigFive) C149
CCCII Mapping (kCCCII) 214E7B
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping (kCNS1986) 1-7453
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping (kCNS1992) 1-7453
Cangjie Input Code (kCangjie) IFRRJ
kCantonese (kCantonese) sim4
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 984.504
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1267.260
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) meditation, contemplation (dhyana); to level ground for altar; abdicate
kEACC (kEACC) 214E7B
kFenn (kFenn) 826H
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 13.09 435.06
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 3625.6
kFrequency (kFrequency) 4
kGB1 (kGB1) 7688
kGSR (kGSR) 0147b'
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 2885
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42408.100
kHangul (kHangul) 선:0E
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42408.100:shàn,chán,tán
kIICore (kIICore) ATHKMP
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1267.260
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42408.100
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0846.360
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-6C78
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-C149
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-6338
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-E2C0
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-6049
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-7453
kJapanese (kJapanese) セン ゼン ゆずる
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) YUZURU SHIZUKA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) ZEN SEN
kJinmeiyoKanji (kJinmeiyoKanji) 2010:U+7985
kJis0 (kJis0) 6724
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0846.360
kKorean (kKorean) SEN
kKoreanEducationHanja (kKoreanEducationHanja) 2007
kLau (kLau) 2794 2807
kMandarin (kMandarin) chán
kMatthews (kMatthews) 5650
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 2718
kMojiJoho (kMojiJoho) MJ018954 MJ018954:E0101 MJ018955:E0102 MJ059973:E0103 MJ058215:E0104
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 24835 24835:E0101
kNelson (kNelson) 3257
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1294
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+5899+113.5.12
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 113.12
kSBGY (kSBGY) 138.37 409.20
kSMSZD2003Index (kSMSZD2003Index) 481.17
kSMSZD2003Readings (kSMSZD2003Readings) chán粵sim4 shàn粵sin6
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) Glyph for U+7985 U+7985
Taiwanese Telegraph Code (kTaiwanTelegraph) 4407
kTang (kTang) *zhiɛn zhiɛ̀n
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 16
UnihanCore2020 Set (kUnihanCore2020) HJKMPT
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0117.111:chán 0999.101:shàn
Xerox Code (kXerox) 263:266