Home U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs
Glyph for U+79AA
Source: Noto CJK

U+79AA CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​79AA

U+79AA was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as meditation, contemplation (dhyana); to level ground for altar; abdicate. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is chán.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+79AA behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type Other Letter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Zen (Chinese: 禪; pinyin: Chán; Japanese: 禅, romanized: zen; Korean: 선, romanized: Seon; Vietnamese: Thiền) is a school of Mahayana Buddhism that originated in China during the Tang dynasty, known as the Chan School (Chánzong 禪宗), and later developed into various sub-schools and branches. From China, Chán spread south to Vietnam and became Vietnamese Thiền, northeast to Korea to become Seon Buddhism, and east to Japan, becoming Japanese Zen.

The term Zen is derived from the Japanese pronunciation of the Middle Chinese word 禪 (chán), an abbreviation of 禪那 (chánnà), which is a Chinese transliteration of the Sanskrit word ध्यान dhyāna ("meditation"). Zen emphasizes rigorous self-restraint, meditation-practice and the subsequent insight into nature of mind (見性, Ch. jiànxìng, Jp. kensho, "perceiving the true nature") and nature of things (without arrogance or egotism), and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others. As such, it de-emphasizes knowledge alone of sutras and doctrine, and favors direct understanding through spiritual practice and interaction with an accomplished teacher or Master.

Zen teaching draws from numerous sources of Sarvastivada meditation practice and Mahāyāna thought, especially Yogachara, the Tathāgatagarbha sūtras, the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, and the Huayan school, with their emphasis on Buddha-nature, totality, and the Bodhisattva-ideal. The Prajñāpāramitā literature as well as Madhyamaka thought have also been influential in the shaping of the apophatic and sometimes iconoclastic nature of Zen rhetoric.

Furthermore, the Chan School was also influenced by Taoist philosophy, especially Neo-Daoist thought.


System Representation
UTF-8 E7 A6 AA
UTF-16 79 AA
UTF-32 00 00 79 AA
URL-Quoted %E7%A6%AA
HTML-Escape 禪
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 禪
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E0 C9
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) E3 B8
Pīnyīn chán


Complete Record

Property Value
Age 1.1 (1993)
Unicode 1 Name
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category Other Letter
Script Han
Bidirectional Category Left To Right
Combining Class Not Reordered
Decomposition Type None
Decomposition Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Simple Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Lowercase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Simple Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Uppercase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Simple Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Titlecase Mapping Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Case Folding Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
ASCII Hex Digit
Bidi Control
Bidi Mirrored
Composition Exclusion
Case Ignorable
Changes When Casefolded
Changes When Casemapped
Changes When NFKC Casefolded
Changes When Lowercased
Changes When Titlecased
Changes When Uppercased
Full Composition Exclusion
Default Ignorable Code Point
Emoji Modifier Base
Emoji Component
Emoji Modifier
Emoji Presentation
Extended Pictographic
FC NFKC Closure Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Grapheme Cluster Break Any
Grapheme Base
Grapheme Extend
Grapheme Link
Hex Digit
ID Continue
ID Start
IDS Binary Operator
IDS Trinary Operator and
Indic Mantra Category
Indic Positional Category NA
Indic Syllabic Category Other
Jamo Short Name
Join Control
Logical Order Exception
Noncharacter Code Point
NFC Quick Check Yes
NFD Quick Check Yes
NFKC Casefold Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
NFKC Quick Check Yes
NFKD Quick Check Yes
Other Alphabetic
Other Default Ignorable Code Point
Other Grapheme Extend
Other ID Continue
Other ID Start
Other Lowercase
Other Math
Other Uppercase
Prepended Concatenation Mark
Pattern Syntax
Pattern White Space
Quotation Mark
Regional Indicator
Sentence Break Other Letter
Soft Dotted
Sentence Terminal
Terminal Punctuation
Unified Ideograph
Variation Selector
Word Break Other
White Space
XID Continue
XID Start
Expands On NFC
Expands On NFD
Expands On NFKC
Expands On NFKD
Bidi Paired Bracket Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Bidi Paired Bracket Type None
East Asian Width Wide
Hangul Syllable Type Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment
Joining Group No_Joining_Group
Joining Type Non Joining
Line Break Ideographic
Numeric Type None
Numeric Value not a number
Simple Case Folding Glyph for U+79AA CJK Unified Ideograph-79AA
Script Extension
Vertical Orientation U
Big Five Mapping C149
CCCII Mapping 214E7B
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping 1-7453
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping 1-7453
Cangjie Input Code IFRRJ
kCantonese sim4
kCihaiT 984.504
kDaeJaweon 1267.260
Unihan Definition meditation, contemplation (dhyana); to level ground for altar; abdicate
kEACC 214E7B
kFenn 826H
kFennIndex 13.09 435.06
kFourCornerCode 3625.6
kFrequency 4
kGB1 7688
kGSR 0147b'
kHKGlyph 2885
kHanYu 42408.100
kHangul 선:0E
kHanyuPinyin 42408.100:shàn,chán,tán
kIRGDaeJaweon 1267.260
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten 24835
kIRGHanyuDaZidian 42408.100
kIRGKangXi 0846.360
kIRG_GSource G1-6C78
kIRG_HSource HB1-C149
kIRG_JSource J0-6338
kIRG_KPSource KP0-E2C0
kIRG_KSource K0-6049
kIRG_TSource T1-7453
kJapaneseOn ZEN SEN
kJinmeiyoKanji 2010:U+7985
kJis0 6724
kKPS0 E2C0
kKSC0 6441
kKangXi 0846.360
kKorean SEN
kKoreanEducationHanja 2007
kLau 2794 2807
kMandarin chán
kMatthews 5650
kMeyerWempe 2718
kMorohashi 24835
kNelson 3257
kPhonetic 1294
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) C+5899+113.5.12
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) 113.12
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) 113.12
kSBGY 138.37 409.20
Simplified Variant Glyph for U+7985 U+7985
Taiwanese Telegraph Code 4407
kTang *zhiɛn zhiɛ̀n
Stroke Number 16
UnihanCore2020 Set HJKMPT
kXHC1983 0117.111:chán 0999.101:shàn
Xerox Code 263:266