U+81E3 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as minister, statesman, official. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is ch.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. The glyph can, under circumstances, be confused with 1 other glyphs. In text U+81E3 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Radical 131 meaning "minister" or "official" is 1 of 29 Kangxi radicals (214 radicals total) composed of 6 strokes.

In the Kangxi Dictionary there are 16 characters (out of 49,030) to be found under this radical.


System Representation
UTF-8 E8 87 A3
UTF-16 81 E3
UTF-32 00 00 81 E3
URL-Quoted %E8%87%A3
HTML-Escape 臣
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 臣
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) E3 ED
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) BF C3
Pīnyīn ch
IRG_GSource G0-333C
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3F43
IRG_KPSource KP0-E5D
IRG_KSource K0-636D
IRG_TSource T1-485B
IRG_VSource V1-643
BigFive A6DA
CCCII 215423
CNS1986 1-485B
CNS1992 1-485B
EACC 215423
GB0 1928
GB1 1928
Jis0 3135
KSC0 6777
MainlandTelegraph 5256
TaiwanTelegraph 5256
Xerox 247:164

Related Characters

  • ⾂


  • ⾂


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81E3
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 臣
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 臣
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 臣
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 臣
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 臣
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 臣
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 臣
Case Folding (cf) 臣
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 臣
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 臣
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-333C
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3F43
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-E5D
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-636D
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-485B
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-643
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1450.040
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 30068
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 42801.010
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 0999.130
kBigFive (kBigFive) A6DA
kCangjie (kCangjie) SLSL
kCantonese (kCantonese) san4
kCCCII (kCCCII) 215423
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 1106.202
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-485B
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-485B
kCowles (kCowles) 3836
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1450.040
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) minister, statesman, official
kEACC (kEACC) 215423
kFenn (kFenn) 642B
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 26.05
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 7171.7
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB0 (kGB0) 1928
kGB1 (kGB1) 1928
kGSR (kGSR) 0377a
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 42801.010
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) chén(15)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 42801.010:chén
kHDZRadBreak (kHDZRadBreak) ⾂[U+2F82]:42801.010
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 3358
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) OMI KERAI
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SHIN JIN
kJis0 (kJis0) 3135
kKangXi (kKangXi) 0999.130
kKorean (kKorean) SIN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) E5D4
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 6777
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 5256
kMandarin (kMandarin) chén
kMatthews (kMatthews) 327
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 2632
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 30068
kNelson (kNelson) 3837
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 1128
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2569+131.7.0
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 131.0
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 131.0
kSBGY (kSBGY) 102.18
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 5256
kTang (kTang) *zhin
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 6
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) thần
kXerox (kXerox) 247:164
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0132.070:chén
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 臣
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 臣
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)