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Glyph for U+8349
Source: Noto CJK

U+8349 CJK Unified Ideo­graph-​8349

U+8349 was added in Unicode version 1.1 in 1993. It belongs to the block U+4E00 to U+9FFF CJK Unified Ideographs in the U+0000 to U+FFFF Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as grass, straw, thatch, herbs. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is cǎo.

The glyph is not a composition. Its East Asian Width is wide. In bidirectional text it is written from left to right. When changing direction it is not mirrored. U+8349 offers a line break opportunity at its position, except in some numeric contexts.

The Wikipedia has the following information about this codepoint:

Radical 140 or radical grass (艸部) meaning "grass" is one of 29 of the 214 Kangxi radicals that are composed of 6 strokes. It transforms into 艹 when appearing at the top of a character or component. In the Kangxi Dictionary and in modern standard Traditional Chinese as used in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, (with two horizontal strokes) consists of four strokes, while in Simplified Chinese and modern Japanese, (with a continuous horizontal stroke) consists of three strokes.

In the Kangxi Dictionary there are 1902 characters (out of 40,000) found under this radical, making it the most commonly used radical.

, the upper component form of , is the 30th indexing component in the Table of Indexing Chinese Character Components predominantly adopted by Simplified Chinese dictionaries published in mainland China, while is listed as its associated indexing component.


System Representation
UTF-8 E8 8D 89
UTF-16 83 49
UTF-32 00 00 83 49
URL-Quoted %E8%8D%89
HTML hex reference 草
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 草
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) F5 AE
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) C1 F0
Pīnyīn cǎo


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1 (1993)
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8349
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK Unified Ideographs
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) none
Decomposition Mapping (dm) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Lowercase Mapping (lc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Uppercase Mapping (uc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Titlecase Mapping (tc) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Case Folding (cf) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Cased (Cased)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Diacritic (Dia)
Emoji Modifier Base (EBase)
Emoji Component (EComp)
Emoji Modifier (EMod)
Emoji Presentation (EPres)
Emoji (Emoji)
Extender (Ext)
Extended Pictographic (ExtPict)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Grapheme Link (Gr_Link)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
ID_Compat_Math_Continue (ID_Compat_Math_Continue) 0
ID_Compat_Math_Start (ID_Compat_Math_Start) 0
Ideographic (Ideo)
InCB (InCB) None
Indic Mantra Category (InMC)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Join Control (Join_C)
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKC_SCF (NFKC_SCF) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Prepended Concatenation Mark (PCM)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Regional Indicator (RI)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) Other Letter
Soft Dotted (SD)
Sentence Terminal (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
East Asian Width (ea) wide
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Numeric Type (nt) none
Numeric Value (nv) not a number
Simple Case Folding (scf) Glyph for U+8349 CJK Unified Ideograph-8349
Script Extension (scx)
Vertical Orientation (vo) U
Big Five Mapping (kBigFive) AFF3
CCCII Mapping (kCCCII) 215478
CNS 11643-1986 Mapping (kCNS1986) 1-5777
CNS 11643-1992 Mapping (kCNS1992) 1-5777
Cangjie Input Code (kCangjie) TAJ
kCantonese (kCantonese) cou2
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 1136.601
kCowles (kCowles) 4777
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1489.140
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) grass, straw, thatch, herbs
kEACC (kEACC) 215478
kFenn (kFenn) 795aB
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 547.09 548.01
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 4440.6
kFrequency (kFrequency) 3
kGB0 (kGB0) 1861
kGB1 (kGB1) 1861
kGSR (kGSR) 1049b
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 1
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 3444
kHanYu (kHanYu) 53203.040
kHangul (kHangul) 초:0E
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) cǎo(613)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 53203.040:zào,cǎo
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1489.140
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 53203.040
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 1030.170
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-325D
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-AFF3
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-4170
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-EDF4
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-752E
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-5777
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-647B
kJapanese (kJapanese) ソウ くさ
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) KUSA
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) SOU
kJis0 (kJis0) 3380
kJoyoKanji (kJoyoKanji) 2010
kKangXi (kKangXi) 1030.170
kKorean (kKorean) CHO
kKoreanEducationHanja (kKoreanEducationHanja) 2007
kLau (kLau) 340
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 5430
kMandarin (kMandarin) cǎo
kMatthews (kMatthews) 6739
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 3415
kMojiJoho (kMojiJoho) MJ021875 MJ021875:E0101 MJ021876:E0102
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 30945' 30945':E0101 30945:E0102
kNelson (kNelson) 3939
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 223 228
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+2802+140.3.6
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 140.6
kSBGY (kSBGY) 302.31
kSMSZD2003Index (kSMSZD2003Index) 579.12
kSMSZD2003Readings (kSMSZD2003Readings) cǎo粵cou2
Semantic Variant (kSemanticVariant) Glyph for U+8278 U+8278Glyph for U+8279 U+8279
kTGH (kTGH) 2013:1408
kTGHZ2013 (kTGHZ2013) 032.170:cǎo
Taiwanese Telegraph Code (kTaiwanTelegraph) 5430
kTang (kTang) *tsɑ̌u
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 9
UnihanCore2020 Set (kUnihanCore2020) GHJKMPT
Quốc ngữ Pronunciation (kVietnamese) thảo
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0107.050:cǎo
Xerox Code (kXerox) 243:327