U+8E45 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as to tread on, walk through. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is chǎ.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+8E45 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E8 B9 85
UTF-16 8E 45
UTF-32 00 00 8E 45
URL-Quoted %E8%B9%85
HTML-Escape 蹅
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 蹅
Pīnyīn chǎ
IRG_GSource G3-703A
IRG_HSource HB2-
IRG_KPSource KP1-7B3
IRG_TSource T2-5A6D
BigFive EBC1
CCCII 233978
CNS1986 2-5A6D
CNS1992 2-5A6D
GB3 8026
GB8 1277
KPS1 7B36


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode Name (na) CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8E45
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 蹅
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 蹅
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 蹅
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 蹅
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 蹅
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 蹅
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 蹅
Case Folding (cf) 蹅
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 蹅
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 蹅
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G3-703A
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB2-
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP1-7B3
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T2-5A6D
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1702.300
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 37730
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 63721.080
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 1230.291
kBigFive (kBigFive) EBC1
kCangjie (kCangjie) RMDAM
kCantonese (kCantonese) caa1 zaa1
kCCCII (kCCCII) 233978
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 2-5A6D
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 2-5A6D
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1702.300
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) to tread on, walk through
kFenn (kFenn) 793K
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 6.04 8.14
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 6411.6
kGB3 (kGB3) 8026
kGB8 (kGB8) 1277
kHanYu (kHanYu) 63721.080
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 63721.080:chǎ,zhā
kKangXi (kKangXi) 1230.291
kKPS1 (kKPS1) 7B36
kMandarin (kMandarin) chǎ
kMatthews (kMatthews) 70
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 37730
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 13
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 157.9
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 157.9
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 16
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0114.110:chǎ
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 蹅
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 蹅
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)