U+8E8A was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as hesitate, falter; smug, self-satisfied. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is cho.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+8E8A behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E8 BA 8A
UTF-16 8E 8A
UTF-32 00 00 8E 8A
URL-Quoted %E8%BA%8A
HTML-Escape 躊
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 躊
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) F1 CC
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) ED B4
Pīnyīn cho
IRG_GSource G1-336C
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-6D34
IRG_KPSource KP0-E9F
IRG_KSource K0-714C
IRG_TSource T1-7B2F
IRG_VSource V1-686
BigFive C543
CCCII 215B28
CNS1986 1-7B2F
CNS1992 1-7B2F
EACC 215B28
GB1 1976
Jis0 7720
KSC0 8144
TaiwanTelegraph 6486
Xerox 270:335


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 躊
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 躊
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 躊
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 躊
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 躊
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 躊
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 躊
Case Folding (cf) 躊
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 躊
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 躊
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) ATJ
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G1-336C
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-6D34
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-E9F
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-714C
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-7B2F
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-686
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1707.270
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 37941
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 63745.060
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 1235.090
kBigFive (kBigFive) C543
kCangjie (kCangjie) RMGNI
kCantonese (kCantonese) cau4
kCCCII (kCCCII) 215B28
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 1295.201
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-7B2F
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-7B2F
kCowles (kCowles) 487
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1707.270
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) hesitate, falter; smug, self-satisfied
kEACC (kEACC) 215B28
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 6414.1
kFrequency (kFrequency) 5
kGB1 (kGB1) 1976
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 6
kGSR (kGSR) 1090n
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 63745.060
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) choú(24)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 63745.060:chóu
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 4017
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) TAMERAU
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) CHUU
kJis0 (kJis0) 7720
kKangXi (kKangXi) 1235.090
kKorean (kKorean) CWU
kKPS0 (kKPS0) E9FB
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 8144
kMandarin (kMandarin) chóu
kMatthews (kMatthews) 1324
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 185h
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 37941
kNelson (kNelson) 4593
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+6835+157.7.14
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 157.14
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 157.14
kSBGY (kSBGY) 209.37
Simplified Variant (kSimplifiedVariant) 踌
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 6486
kTang (kTang) djhiou
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 21
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) trù
kXerox (kXerox) 270:335
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0152.061:chóu
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 躊
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 躊
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)