U+8FD1 was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (1993). It belongs to the block CJK Unified Ideographs in the Basic Multilingual Plane.

This character is a Other Letter and is mainly used in the Han script. The Unihan Database defines it as near, close; approach; intimate. Its Pīnyīn pronunciation is j.

The glyph is not a composition. It has a Wide East Asian Width. In bidirectional context it acts as Left To Right and is not mirrored. In text U+8FD1 behaves as Ideographic regarding line breaks. It has type OLetter for sentence and Other for word breaks. The Grapheme Cluster Break is Any.


System Representation
UTF-8 E8 BF 91
UTF-16 8F D1
UTF-32 00 00 8F D1
URL-Quoted %E8%BF%91
HTML-Escape 近
Wrong windows-1252 Mojibake 近
Encoding: EUC-KR (hex bytes) D0 CE
Encoding: JIS0208 (hex bytes) B6 E1
Pīnyīn j
IRG_GSource G0-3D7C
IRG_HSource HB1-
IRG_JSource J0-3661
IRG_KPSource KP0-D1F
IRG_KSource K0-504E
IRG_TSource T1-4F54
IRG_VSource V1-692
BigFive AAF1
CNS1986 1-4F54
CNS1992 1-4F54
GB0 2992
GB1 2992
Jis0 2265
KSC0 4846
MainlandTelegraph 6602
TaiwanTelegraph 6602
Xerox 242:341


Complete Record

Property Value
Age (age) 1.1
Unicode 1 Name (na1)
Block (blk) CJK
General Category (gc) Other Letter
Script (sc) Han
Bidirectional Category (bc) Left To Right
Combining Class (ccc) Not Reordered
Decomposition Type (dt) None
Decomposition Mapping (dm) 近
Lowercase (Lower)
Simple Lowercase Mapping (slc) 近
Lowercase Mapping (lc) 近
Uppercase (Upper)
Simple Uppercase Mapping (suc) 近
Uppercase Mapping (uc) 近
Simple Titlecase Mapping (stc) 近
Titlecase Mapping (tc) 近
Case Folding (cf) 近
ASCII Hex Digit (AHex)
Alphabetic (Alpha)
Bidi Control (Bidi_C)
Bidi Mirrored (Bidi_M)
Bidi Paired Bracket (bpb) 近
Bidi Paired Bracket Type (bpt) None
Cased (Cased)
Composition Exclusion (CE)
Case Ignorable (CI)
Full Composition Exclusion (Comp_Ex)
Changes When Casefolded (CWCF)
Changes When Casemapped (CWCM)
Changes When NFKC Casefolded (CWKCF)
Changes When Lowercased (CWL)
Changes When Titlecased (CWT)
Changes When Uppercased (CWU)
Dash (Dash)
Deprecated (Dep)
Default Ignorable Code Point (DI)
Diacritic (Dia)
East Asian Width (ea) Wide
Extender (Ext)
FC NFKC Closure (FC_NFKC) 近
Grapheme Cluster Break (GCB) Any
Grapheme Base (Gr_Base)
Grapheme Extend (Gr_Ext)
Hex Digit (Hex)
Hangul Syllable Type (hst) Not Applicable
Hyphen (Hyphen)
ID Continue (IDC)
Ideographic (Ideo)
ID Start (IDS)
IDS Binary Operator (IDSB)
IDS Trinary Operator and (IDST)
Indic Positional Category (InPC) NA
Indic Syllabic Category (InSC) Other
ISO 10646 Comment (isc)
Joining Group (jg) No_Joining_Group
Join Control (Join_C)
Jamo Short Name (JSN)
Joining Type (jt) Non Joining
kIICore (kIICore) AGT
kIRG_GSource (kIRG_GSource) G0-3D7C
kIRG_HSource (kIRG_HSource) HB1-
kIRG_JSource (kIRG_JSource) J0-3661
kIRG_KPSource (kIRG_KPSource) KP0-D1F
kIRG_KSource (kIRG_KSource) K0-504E
kIRG_TSource (kIRG_TSource) T1-4F54
kIRG_VSource (kIRG_VSource) V1-692
kIRGDaeJaweon (kIRGDaeJaweon) 1736.180
kIRGDaiKanwaZiten (kIRGDaiKanwaZiten) 38752'
kIRGHanyuDaZidian (kIRGHanyuDaZidian) 63819.120
kIRGKangXi (kIRGKangXi) 1254.070
kBigFive (kBigFive) AAF1
kCangjie (kCangjie) YHML
kCantonese (kCantonese) gan6 kan5
kCihaiT (kCihaiT) 1312.107
kCNS1986 (kCNS1986) 1-4F54
kCNS1992 (kCNS1992) 1-4F54
kCowles (kCowles) 1549 1920
kDaeJaweon (kDaeJaweon) 1736.180
Unihan Definition (kDefinition) near, close; approach; intimate
kEACC (kEACC) 215B6B
kFenn (kFenn) 209A
kFennIndex (kFennIndex) 75.13 76.01
kFourCornerCode (kFourCornerCode) 3230.2
kFrequency (kFrequency) 2
kGB0 (kGB0) 2992
kGB1 (kGB1) 2992
kGradeLevel (kGradeLevel) 1
kGSR (kGSR) 0443g
kHangul (kHangul)
kHanYu (kHanYu) 63819.120
kHanyuPinlu (kHanyuPinlu) jìn(823)
kHanyuPinyin (kHanyuPinyin) 63819.120:jìn
kHKGlyph (kHKGlyph) 4085
kJapaneseKun (kJapaneseKun) CHIKAI
kJapaneseOn (kJapaneseOn) KIN KON
kJis0 (kJis0) 2265
kKangXi (kKangXi) 1254.070
kKarlgren (kKarlgren) 385
kKorean (kKorean) KUN
kKPS0 (kKPS0) D1F9
kKSC0 (kKSC0) 4846
kLau (kLau) 851 1659
kMainlandTelegraph (kMainlandTelegraph) 6602
kMandarin (kMandarin) jìn
kMatthews (kMatthews) 1061
kMeyerWempe (kMeyerWempe) 1039 1043
kMorohashi (kMorohashi) 38752'
kNelson (kNelson) 4671
kPhonetic (kPhonetic) 571
Radical Stroke Count (Adobe Japan 1-6) (kRSAdobe_Japan1_6) C+1753+69.4.3 C+1753+162.3.4 V+13730+69.4.4 V+13730+162.4.4
Radical Stroke Count (KangXi) (kRSKangXi) 162.4
Radical Stroke Count (Unicode) (kRSUnicode) 162.4
kSBGY (kSBGY) 280.05 397.12
kTaiwanTelegraph (kTaiwanTelegraph) 6602
kTang (kTang) *ghiə̌n
Stroke Number (kTotalStrokes) 7
kVietnamese (kVietnamese) cận
kXerox (kXerox) 242:341
kXHC1983 (kXHC1983) 0592.110:jìn
Line Break (lb) Ideographic
Logical Order Exception (LOE)
Math (Math)
Noncharacter Code Point (NChar)
NFC Quick Check (NFC_QC) Yes
NFD Quick Check (NFD_QC) Yes
NFKC Casefold (NFKC_CF) 近
NFKC Quick Check (NFKC_QC) Yes
NFKD Quick Check (NFKD_QC) Yes
Numeric Type (nt) None
Numeric Value (nv) NaN
Other Alphabetic (OAlpha)
Other Default Ignorable Code Point (ODI)
Other Grapheme Extend (OGr_Ext)
Other ID Continue (OIDC)
Other ID Start (OIDS)
Other Lowercase (OLower)
Other Math (OMath)
Other Uppercase (OUpper)
Pattern Syntax (Pat_Syn)
Pattern White Space (Pat_WS)
Quotation Mark (QMark)
Radical (Radical)
Sentence Break (SB) OLetter
Simple Case Folding (scf) 近
Script Extension (scx) Han
Soft Dotted (SD)
STerm (STerm)
Terminal Punctuation (Term)
Unified Ideograph (UIdeo)
Variation Selector (VS)
Word Break (WB) Other
White Space (WSpace)
XID Continue (XIDC)
XID Start (XIDS)
Expands On NFC (XO_NFC)
Expands On NFD (XO_NFD)
Expands On NFKC (XO_NFKC)
Expands On NFKD (XO_NFKD)